Hebraic Studies - “Let My People Go!”

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Please Note: On this site I will show the four letter blessed *“Memorial Name” of the Almighty in Ivrit -  - Y-H-V-H, which we usually pronounce as “Adonai” or “HaShem”. Also I will use “Elohim” which is NOT a Name, but the attribute, or the title of Who our Creator is! At all times please treat the most blessed Name with sanctity and when we even see the Name, we should say “blessed be His Sanctified Name.”


*This is My Name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.” Shemot - Exodus 3:15.



On this site I will mostly use a version based on the “Jewish Publication Society” Tanakh (JPS) with some minor updates

Please Note: for those who may be using other “Bibles” verses may differ, but the Hebrew Tanakh is the original!



This study has a very special purpose, for it will cover a time in our amazing history, which was without a doubt the grandest of them all, I am speaking of course of Elohim having heard Israel’s cry of pain when we were enslaved in Mitzraim - Egypt.

“And the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto Elohim by reason of the bondage. And Elohim heard their groaning, and Elohim remembered His covenant with Avraham, with Yitzchak (Isaac) and with Ya’aqov (Jacob)” Shemot - Exodus: 2:23-24 (JPS of the Tanakh, with the blessed Name and His attribute added).

You may have noted that they did not cry out unto Elohim, no it was just a cry of sheer pain and anguish, yet Elohim, blessed be He, heard them and He acted - But why, well that is simple, for He keeps His promises!

“And Elohim heard their groaning, and Elohim remembered His covenant with Avraham, with Yitzchak, and with Ya’aqov” Shemot - Exodus: 2:24 (JPS).

But what was so special, Elohim, blessed be He, set in motion events that would take a very special person, even from the moment he was born, to the day his mother took him from her hiding place at home and placed him in a basket and placed him in the Nile. We all know that a princess took him from the water, and named him Moshe, meaning to “pull out - to draw out” (of water). He grew up in the Egyptian Royal household for 40 years, and he was then exiled into the wilderness and lived there for another 40 years, whilst there he married Tzipora - Zipporah.

Then one day Moshe being a shepherd …

“Moshe was keeping the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the farthest end of the wilderness, and came to the mountain of Elohim, unto Horeb. And the angel of  appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush, and he looked, and, behold the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed” Shemot - Exodus: 3:1-2 (JPS).

Thus you ask; “what is the reason about this part of our history which all Jews will surely know about”. That may be true, but there is so much more to this whole event than the one we tend to think of, for it contains the battle of three, two men and of course Elohim,. Thus it is all about the Pharaoh, Moshe and our beloved Elohim, blessed be He!

I will cover the three “I” that play a powerful part in this whole event, it will be explained soon, but in Phase (Part) Two, I will reveal so much more regarding the “Ten Plagues” and believe me sadly nothing much is really known about what each Plague was really all about, especially who was being humiliated, that is besides the Egyptians? You will find it very interesting!

Eretz Yisroel:

We obviously love the State of Yisroel - Israel for it has been resettled, but we might ask the question, “Is modern Yisroel a land and a people that Elohim is completely happy with?” The truth is that today’s “Israel” is sadly more of a secular State and like most of the world, it has become a nation that tolerates far too many things that are completely against Elohim’s Law, even legalizing of homosexuality and them getting married and having babies by certain means. And there are so many other sad things that are against the Torah! Just go down town on Shabbat and it is crowded with shoppers and people dining out, etc. Yet, Israel still calls out to countries around the world “Let our people go,” and to the Jewish community’s at large, “Come home!” But sadly we Jews who live in free counties are living in prosperity and basically many have little to no desire to live in a land that is surrounded by a never ending enemy who simply will not work with Israel and live in peace!

I am challenging you with this very special, and I believe a powerful study for you to grasp your Jewish roots and become closer to His wonderful Torah and do good deeds, yes I mean deeds of “Tzedakah”, and lighting the Shabbat lights, men, why not start laying Tefillin and so many other blessed things we can do to please our beloved Creator! Life will be so much the richer for us all, when we please our Elohim, blessed be He!


Let My people Go:

However, it was  Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, who said through Moshe to Pharaoh;

“Moshe and Acharon came, and said unto Pharaoh; ‘Thus saith , the Elohim of Israel, Let My people go’” Shemot - Exodus: 5:1 (JPS).

However, there is so much more to this verse and the tragedy is, that today most of those living in Eretz Yisroel are not completing the part that is written in that verse, and that is … “that they may hold a feast unto Me”, meaning of course “to worship Me”.

This is why, blessed be His Sanctified Name, desired to set His people free, that they may be bound to Him, to worship and to serve Him and that is the whole point of redemption! And we should always remember the truth of that we were redeemed!

The word Redeem,” in Ivrit - Hebrew is Ga’al,” and it appears for the very first time in the Torah in Shemot - Exodus 6:6.

“Wherefore say unto the children of Israel: I am , and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage, and I will (Ga’al) redeem you with an outstretched arm, and with great judgments; and I will take you to Me for a people, and I will be to you an Elohim; and ye shall know that I am  your Elohim, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians” Shemot - Exodus 6:6-7 (JPS).

We know what this word means, because the very part of the Torah we are currently studying is saying to us that Elohim, blessed be He, desires “to set His people free” in order that they can be His people.

It is important for us to note that the word “Ga’al” has another meanings in Hebrew. As we come to understand the fullness of this word, I am sure that you will be blessed by the revelation that is found in this very special word.

In Shemot - Exodus Chapter 6 the word Ga’al is translated as Redeem.” “Ga’al also means, to be "Rescued,” to be Surrounded or to be "Covered."

However, the prophet Tsephanyah - Zephaniah uses this very same word in chapter 3 verse 1 of his book where the word is not translated as “Redeemed,” but something very different - Polluted.”

Here is the verse in question.

“Woe to her (speaking of Jerusalem) that is filthy and (Ga’al) polluted, to the oppressing city!” Tsephanyah - Zephaniah 3:1 (JPS).

We might ask: “How can this possibly be?” The fact is to understand the word “redeemed” correctly we have to realise the following. To be “redeemed” is to be “covered” or “surrounded” with protective care. When the word Ga’al is used in the correct tense we are redeemed with a total covering and protection, for Elohim is our Redeemer, He is our covering. Praise  Sanctified Name!

“Bless , O my soul, and forget not all His benefits: Who forgives all your iniquities … Who (Ga’al) redeems your life from the pit (destruction)” Tehillim - Psalms 103:2 & 4 (JPS).

Therefore we need to understand that when the word “Ga’al” is used in the negative tense, it represents a covering of evil. Thus, it is either a covering of good or a covering of evil - as is the case in Tsephanyah – Zephaniah where the children of Israel were living in Jerusalem having their hands polluted, stained and covered in blood from the sacrifices they were offering unto pagan gods.

Thus, when “Ga’al” - “Redeem is used in Shemot - Exodus, it means to be liberated from the chains of their past sins as sadly many did worship pagan gods whilst in Egypt, but Elohim, blessed be He, broke their bondage and thus we celebrate Pesach - Passover.

Moshe meets the Pharaoh:

Let us return to the dramatic story of the Exodus and the conflict that is about to take place between Moshe the servant of Elohim and the evil and pagan Pharaoh.

Nowhere in the annals of human history has there been an event that had as many far-reaching effects as those associated with the Pesach - Passover and Israel’s delivery from slavery from Mitzraim - Egypt more than 3,500 years ago.

I never fail to be thrilled and spiritually stimulated by the contest between Moshe, who was described in the Word, as the meekest of men and Pharaoh being the most arrogant and without doubt the most powerful man of his time. Pharaoh had all the power of an absolute monarch and at his disposal was a massive army that stood poised, ready to carry out his every command. He held the fate of Israel in his hand. But praise be to the Elohim of Israel, blessed be He, He had other ideas.

The Pharaoh rated Moshe even lower than a rabble-rouser and he must have thought it was a joke that …

“This abominable shepherd was going to represent those despised Hebrews.”

For did it not say in Bereshis - Genesis chapter 46 …

“For every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians” Bereshis - Genesis 46:34 (JPS).

Pharaoh’s advisors might have joked, “Just listen to him, he stammers and stutters when he speaks and he dares to demand the release of those Hebrew slaves in the name of their Elohim, whoever that is?” But of course both Moshe and Acharon - Aaron did just that!

“And afterward Moshe and Acharon came, and said unto Pharaoh: ‘Thus saith , the Elohim of Israel: Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.’ And Pharaoh said: ‘Who is , that I should hearken unto His voice to let Israel go? I know not , and moreover I will not let Israel go’” Shemot - Exodus 5:1-2 (JPS).

Pharaoh in reality was asking “What kind of god are they talking about, for the Israelites have never seen Him, and surely is he not a god of a nation of slaves, the very slaves I might well exterminate?” Is it any wonder that Pharaoh exclaimed …

“‘Who is , that I should hearken unto His voice to let Israel go? I know not , and moreover I will not let Israel go’”

But, the all-powerful Pharaoh was about to be humbled by Israel’s all powerful Elohim. But more so those false Egyptian pagan god’s were about to be totally humiliated in the most frightful contest of power the world had ever seen. For Elohim, blessed be He, had declared in Shemot - Exodus 12:12.

“Against all the gods of Egypt will I execute judgements; I am ” (JPS).

Moshe’s confrontation with Pharaoh developed into a full head-on collision between the gods of Egypt and the Great ‘I Am’ of Israel.

We need to understand that there were two phases of struggle going on between Moshe and Pharaoh.

1.    Words - The 1st.phase was - Elohim gave His demands.

2.    Works - The 2nd.phase was - Elohim acted on His words.

In His mercy, we should note that our loving Elohim always speaks first, as He will warn us. But sadly, many will not listen, nor believe, thus they will end up “Ga’al” - “covered” in the negative tense as we have learned earlier. Sadly rabbis have changed Elohim’s truth, as they started to teach that all Jews will have a place, etc, etc, sorry that is not what the Tanakh has taught us, for not all will be “redeemed” at the end!

And we should remember that the Hebrews that were redeemed out of Mitzraim - Egypt (except Yahoshua - Joshua and Caleb) would all die in the wilderness because of their sin again Elohim, blessed be He. Thus these two faithful ones and the children of those who left Mitzraim were the ones to enter the “Land of Milk and Honey”.

Read what Elohim had to say in Bamidbar - Numbers chapter 14;

“And  spoke unto Moshe and unto Acharon, saying: ‘How long shall I bear with this evil congregation that keep murmuring against Me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they keep murmuring against Me. Say unto them: As I live, saith , surely as ye have spoken in Mine ears, so will I do to you: your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness, and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, ye that have murmured against Me; surely ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I lifted up My hand that I would make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Yahoshua - Joshua the son of Nun. But your little ones, that ye said would be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have rejected. But as for you, your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness. And your children shall be wanderers in the wilderness forty years, and shall bear your strayings, until your carcasses be consumed in the wilderness. After the number of the days in which ye spied out the land, even forty days, for every day a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know My displeasure. I  have spoken, surely this will I do unto all this evil congregation that are gathered together against Me; in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.’ And the men, whom Moshe sent to spy out the land, and who, when they returned, made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up an evil report against the land, even those men that did bring up an evil report of the land, died by the plague before . But Yahoshua the son of Nun, and Kalev - Caleb the son of Jephunneh, remained alive of those men that went to spy out the land

What is the moral lesson here: “It was so easy for  Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, to take B’Nai (the Children of) Yisroel out of the land of Mitzraim - Egypt, but it was almost impossible for Elohim to take Mitzraim - Egypt out of the hearts of B’Nai Yisroel.” Believe me as it was back then, sadly so it is still today, “It is so easy for Elohim to redeem us from the world, but almost impossible for Elohim to take the world out of His people.”

And believe me I am sure we will all know how difficult it is to remain true to Him, and follow His Torah, and by that I do not mean those much later introduced man-made laws. We so blessed to have the Torah, which contains the Law as given to Moshe by  Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, but sadly rabbis of the past have added thousand’s of man-made laws called the “oral-Law, which are NOT from Elohim, but are wholly man-made. You will find studies online that covers this sad subject. Such as Ushpizin & Other Customs.

In Shemot - Exodus Chapters 5 to 7 Elohim spoke:

We are about to discover that there were three different voices speaking, and I am sure that this will relate to all of us. The key word in Chapters 5 through to 7 is I.” Yes I do mean “I, me, myself” type of ‘I” when it comes to men. But they are three very different sources who were saying I.” 1. Pharaoh, 2. Moshe, and above all,  Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, said it.

Of course, I am sure that you will understand that it all depends, which “I” we listen to. This tiny little “I” will come to you from three directions. It will come from those who oppose you. It comes from your own fears and doubts, but it will also come from Elohim, blessed be He. Let me ask you; “Who is the central I in your life?” This was precisely what Moshe had to face, for it can be difficult to work out who is really speaking the truth! Let me tell you one very simple truth … it is always Our blessed Creator!

Lets take the first capital “I” – being the I of Pharaoh.

Moshe went to him and said, “Let my people go” and Pharaoh said “Who is  that I should take any notice of Him” - “‘I know not , and moreover I will not let Israel go’” In Pharaoh we see “the adversary” or “the opposer” in Hebrew it is ‘Ha Satan’, being just like all evil dictators saying, I will not let this nation go, it is mine.” Pharaoh thought that he was the great I Am.

Moshe could have given in to this powerful “I”, the great and powerful and a Egyptian god, the Pharaoh. This same kind of “I” was also found in many evil popes, cardinals, bishops and priests as they tortured, slaughtered and murdered countless thousands of innocent lives during their evil inquisitions and during their many other onslaughts murdering both Jews, and yes those who were not part of that hideous Pagan based Roman church! But  there are also those Eastern European churches who murdered Jews by the thousands.

But there were also another evil so-called christian who was the ultimate hater of the Jewish People, his name is Martin Luther, and his evil last work was published in 1563, it was entitled “Of the Jews and their Lies”. In it he told his followers to burn their Synagogues, and much that was so much worse. Much later another evil man used that very book to shape his ideology, and he would read parts from it during his speeches, which was heard over the radio. His name was Hitler. That most evil of men, who together with Luther, was responsible for the tragic murder of six million lives of precious Jews, may they rest in peace!

And these evil “Is” I have just mentioned from popes, Luther, to Hitler were all extreamly evil!

But let us now look at the 2nd.I - being the I of Moshe, the self.

After delivering the first demand to release the Children of Israel, Pharaoh became angry and ordered that, no straw was to be given to Israel to make the bricks. This brought great hardship to the Israelites and as we know they rebelled against Moshe.

Did you know that archaeologists have found one of the walls that is spoken about, right here in Shemot - Exodus chapter 5. It is located at “Ra’Amis” where there is a ruin, part of a wall that contained bricks made with straw, but then there are others with much less straw and then suddenly some with no straw at all. Once again archaeology has proven that the Word of Elohim, blessed be He, to be completely true! Israel was persecuted because of Moshe’s demands. Thus the second I and Moshe turns again to Elohim as we read in Shemot - Exodus 5:22-23.

“And Moshe returned unto , and said: ‘Master, wherefore hast Thou dealt ill with this people? Why is it that Thou hast sent me? For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Thy Name, he hath dealt ill with this people; neither hast Thou delivered Thy people at all”

Again, Moshe was saying again, I am not the one for I cannot do this, for it will be worse, how can I possibly make it better.” Poor Moshe, for in his heart he considers himself as a despised person in Egypt, and here we see him still trying to get out of his responsibilities as he did a the Mountain when he stood with the fire of Elohim, and he was tested. The fact that he was a man, venerable at this stage but soon he would become what we now call Moshe Rabeinu our teacher and the greatest prophet of Elohim, blessed be He!

But at this stage, as a man it is sad to know that he did this three more times in these Chapters, for Moshe continually attempts to get out of his responsibilities. The capital I is now, the I of Moshe. I cannot do this. I am going to mess it up. I am not the person for you.”

But let us now look at the 3rd.capital I”.

What was Elohim’s reply to Moshe in Shemot - Exodus chapter 6 … three times He says - I will”.

 “And Elohim spoke unto Moses, and said unto him: ‘I am ; and I appeared unto Avraham, unto Yitzchak, and unto Ya’aqov, as Elohim Almighty, but by My Name  I made Me not known to them. And I have also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their sojournings, wherein they sojourned. And moreover I have heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered My covenant. Wherefore say unto the children of Israel: I am , and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm, and with great judgments” Shemot - Exodus 6:2-6 (JPS).

 Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, is showing Moshe and us of course, that He is the “Elohim of the Past, Present and Future.”

“I Am the Elohim of the Present who hears you. I Am the Elohim of the Past who made a covenant, a Promise. I will deliver because I Am the Elohim of the Future.”

Which “I” is going to govern your life? Is it the I of Opposition, the I of Self or Fear, or the I of the Almighty Elohim, blessed be He!

That is your dilemma, as it was Moshe’s. This is the great dilemma of Chapters 5, 6 & 7.

Praise our beloved Elohim, for finally Moshe stopped arguing and thus he no longer listened to the I of Pharaoh, nor the I of self, but was only obedient to the Great “I Am -  Elohim”, blessed be His Sanctified Name, who had revealed Himself to him at Mt Sinai. And now Moshe finally obeyed his Elohim, and the Children of Israel were able to escape from Egypt as they were delivered and redeemed (Ga’al) by Elohim’s mighty hand!

This is the simple lesson for all of us to begin with, and it is an important one.

Whenever you are called by the Almighty to do His work, as I have stated; you will come up against a number of different “Is” and it will depend on which Iyou choose to heed to, that will decide whether you will help people or not. Believe me, somehow we all have a calling, you just need to listen to Elohim as He speaks to us through His blessed Torah and the rest of the Tanakh. If you listen to the Iof the opposition, or the I of self, or the I of fear and doubt, you will fail your Elohim in two vital ways.

1.    You will have failed to live in His will.

2.    You have failed to help others, as you will not have been at the right place at the right time in order to do His will.

Let us always listen to He who is the “Great I Am,” and go forth; knowing that He goes before us. For He is like a Lamp at our feet guiding us.

“Thou art my lamp, O ; and  doth lighten my darkness” 2 Shmuel - 2 Samuel 22:29 (JPS).

This concludes “Phase One” of this study.

Phase Two” is very different and powerful, as it is where Elohim, blessed be He, goes from Words to Works.

In addition we will discover that Elohim’s Power also has Two Phases, being; 1. Demonstration & 2. Destruction.

Phase (Part) Two

Being human, we must know that our Elohim, blessed be He, has great patience, for He did say, “I will do it, but listen to Me.” But sadly, far too many will not listen to Him. I pray beloved that we are listening to His Word as we have His wonderful Torah and all of the Tanakh which is packed with His teachings, and includes a special message that is interwoven within this study, thus Elohim is speaking to you through His Word, and I pray you are listening and able to be obedient for He is always there for you.

This may sound a strange thing to say, but we should not just blame the Pharaoh in this study, for sadly far too many have hardened their hearts at some time or other, and I mean even those who have been good and faithful Jews, for there are some that have become so set in their ways and sadly I have to say so bound in their rabbinic traditions that they just cannot see that they need to change to return to what Elohim has told us, and not just men! I pray that we will understand what I mean for “tradition” can override that which is Torah, and that is what these Shemot - Exodus studies are all about, learning what Elohim, blessed be He is saying to us in His Word! You see we can place His will into our lives which will change us dramatically, having been taught by the very Words of His most wonderful Torah!

We all need to change our lives and our ways; soon I will place online a study where we discover that we should be ready to cast our “Rods before Elohim.” He is calling us, for we are all His servants and we do have a responsibility to be “a watchman” to help our fellow Jews and other’s where the opportunity arises. Read what Elohim said to his servant Yechehel - Ezekiel in Chapter 3.

“Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the House of Israel; so hear the word I speak and give them warning from Me. When I say to a wicked man, ‘You will surely die,’ and you do not warn him or speak out to dissuade him from his evil ways in order to save his life, that wicked man will die for his sin, and I will hold you accountable for his blood” Yechehel - Ezekiel 3:17-18.

Now you might say, “But that was the Tanakh of the ancient days”; and yes I agree with you for it was, but the principle remains the same today as it did back then, for us to guide and lead when we see those who need to be led in the right direction!

As we go back to the conflict in Egypt, it again shows us the problems that exist to this very day.

As Elohim demonstrates His power He uses a small piece of timber. Yes, our Heavenly Father once again uses a Rod, but not the rod that Moshe carried which is now known as the “Rod of Elohim,” But he and Acharon came before pharaoh and it is Acharon who throws his rod before the pharaoh and as we know it turns into a snake. But certain Egyptians were also able to do these same things, but they called it “magic.” Thus, that smug and mighty pharaoh called his court magicians who continually practiced in the occult.

But, it is the power of Elohim that will always be the greater as there is nothing in heaven or earth that can ever overcome the Almighty, therefore the snake from Acharon’s Rod as we know from the Word did not just kill and devour one, but both of these snakes of the Egyptian magicians as we are told in Shemot - Exodus chapter 7 that states;

“And Moshe and Acharon went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so, as  had commanded; and Acharon cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent. Then Pharaoh also called for the wise men and the sorcerers; and they the magicians of Egypt, did in like manner with their secret arts. For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents; but Acharon’s rod swallowed up their rods (serpents)” Shemot - Exodus 7:10-12 (JPS).

Yet after seeing the power of the Elohim of Israel, pharaoh did not heed and now the greatest battle of all time had began. For that very reason, Shemot - Exodus chapters 7 to 10 could be called Elohim declares war on the gods of Mitzraim - Egypt.”

We now come to Moshe’s great confrontation with pharaoh, one that developed into a head-on collision between the pagan gods of Egypt and the Creator of heaven and earth, the Elohim of Israel. On the one hand, Moshe and Acharon represented  Elohim of Israel, blessed be His Sanctified name, and the pharaoh with his wise men and sorcerers who represented everything that is evil and pagan as they worshipped so many deities including the pharaoh himself who was considered to be the god “Horus”, which his son would be come upon his death.

The Ten Plagues & the Egyptian Deities:

Let us mingle with the interested observers and see how the Elohim of Avraham, Yitzchak (Isaac) and Ya'aqov (Jacob) systematically destroyed the power and the prestige of the Egyptian deities and thus that evil pharaoh.

Deity 1 - The “Nile” - Water:

Each morning Pharaoh and his family would go to the River Nile enter it and worship it. The Nile is one of their many gods.

“And  said unto Moses: ‘Pharaoh’s heart is stubborn, he refuseth to let the people go. Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river’s brink to meet him; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thy hand. And thou shalt say unto him: , the Elohim of the Hebrews, hath sent me unto thee, saying: Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness; and, behold, hitherto thou hast not hearkened; thus saith : In this thou shalt know that I am , behold, I will smite with the rod that is in my hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood” Shemot - Exodus 7:14-17 (JPS). 

And Moshe and Acharon did so, as  commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. And the fish that were in the river died; and the river became foul, and the Egyptians could not drink water from the river; and the blood was throughout all the land of Egypt” Shemot - Exodus 7:20-21 (JPS). 

Here we have read how the “Nile” god was humiliated before all Egypt. It is obvious that water is life, but blood will kill all the life present in the river. Remember fish was the vital food source of Egypt!

Deity 2 - “Hekt” - Frogs:

Hekt was an Egyptian goddess that had a frog’s head, all I can say - wonderful, who would even want to worship such a hideous thing!

“And  said unto Moses: 'Say unto Acharon: Stretch forth thy hand with thy rod over the rivers, over the canals, and over the pools, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.' And Acharon stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt” Shemot - Exodus 8:1-2 (JPS).

The magicians copied the act, but the big difference was, that the frogs that had came from Elohim could not be controlled, unlike those by the magicians, and the frogs became a massive curse, one that simply could not be removed. Finally, Pharaoh begged Moshe to call upon the Elohim of Israel, blessed be He, to remove them.

“And  did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the courts, and out of the fields. And they gathered them together in heaps; and the land stank” Shemot - Exodus 8 verses 9-10 (JPS).

Thus their goddess “Hekt” was totally humiliated before all Egypt, which was completed with that hideous stink of dead frogs, throughout the entire land.

Deity 3 – “Seb” - Lice:

Seb was the Egyptian god of the Earth.

“And  said unto Moses: ‘Say unto Acharon: Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the earth that it may become gnats - lice (a stinging insect) throughout all the land of Egypt.’ And they did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and there were gnats (lice) upon man, and upon beast; all the dust of the earth became gnats (lice) throughout all the land of Egypt” Shemot - Exodus 8:12-14

We certainly do not need much of an imagination to understand the intense discomfort and total humiliation that this plaque caused the Egyptians. But did the pharaoh learn, NO he did not!

Deity 4 - the “Scarab” - The god Beetle:

The Scarab was a beetle/insect worshipped by the Egyptians.

“If thou wilt not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms (Heb: arov) of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses; and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms (arov) of flies, and also the ground whereon they are” Shemot - Exodus 8:17 (JPS).

In Hebrew the word “arov” is used and it means a “swarm”.

You will have noted that “of fliesis written in italics and the reason is that translators at some time much later have added the text of flies.” However, the text literally reads If thou wilt not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms upon you.” This was in all probability and according scriptural archaeologists in the form of a beetle known as the Sacred Scarabaeus that was worshipped by the Egyptians. And I believe this to be correct as it is pictured in many temples, having done archaeology myself in Yisroel and some in Egypt and have worked as a guest at the British Museum. Thus we see yet another Egyptian god humiliated.

Deity 5 – “Apis” - The Bull:

The sacred Egyptian bull Apis was the target for the fifth judgement.

 “‘And  shall make a division between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt; and there shall nothing die of all that belongeth to the children of Israel.’ And  appointed a set time, saying: ‘Tomorrow  shall do this thing in the land.’ And  did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died; but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one. And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not so much as one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. But the heart of Pharaoh was stubborn, and he did not let the people go” Shemot - Exodus 9:4-7 (JPS).

Thus, “Apis” was destroyed and humiliated before all Egypt.

Deity 6 – “Typhon & Ne’it” – Boils:

Typhon the evil genius of the Egyptians and Ne’it, the goddess of health which were both worshipped by the Egyptians.

“And  said unto Moshe and unto Acharon: 'Take to you handfuls of soot of the furnace, and let Moshe throw it heavenward in the sight of Pharaoh. And it shall become small dust over all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.' And they took soot of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moshe threw it up heavenward; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man and upon beast. And the magicians could not stand before Moshe because of the boils; for the boils were upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians” Shemot - Exodus 9:8-11 (JPS).

Both god’s were taken care of with judgement number 6. This plague was only directed against the Egyptians.

Deity 7 – “Shu” – Hail:

A hailstorm in Egypt would be very rare sight indeed and the seventh judgement was directed towards the humiliation of Shu the god of the atmosphere.

“Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the day it was founded even until now” … “And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven; and  sent thunder and hail, and fire ran down unto the earth; and  caused to hail upon the land of Egypt. So there was hail, and fire flashing up amidst the hail, very grievous, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation” … “Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail” Shemot - Exodus 9:18,23-24 & 26 (JPS).

We need to understand that it really never hails in Egypt, thus here we see another pagan god “biting the dust” as massive hailstorms destroyed all the crops of Egypt!

Deity 8 – “Serapia” – Locusts:

The Egyptians worshipped this god for protection against the devastating plagues of locusts. The eighth judgement certainly proved the impotency of this deity.

“And  said unto Moshe: ‘Stretch out thy hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts that they may come up upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail hath left.’ And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and  brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all the night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, and rested in all the borders of Egypt; very grievous were they; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such. For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left; and there remained not any green thing, either tree or herb of the field, through all the land of Egypt” Shemot - Exodus 10:12 to 15 (JPS).

 our Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, has taken care of those false gods related to the earth, and the imagination. The final two plagues would take care of the human ones.

Deity 9 – “Ra” – Sun / Darkness:

Ra as we will all know is the sun god and Pharaoh was also known as the “son of the sun” and therefore he was considered to be a god himself. This plague would totally humiliate Pharaoh personally as well as all of his ancestors.

“And  said unto Moshe: ‘Stretch out thy hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.’ And Moshe stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days; they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days; but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings” Shemot - Exodus 10:21-23 (JPS).

This proved that the Elohim of Israel, the Creator of all things was in total control. The sun god was completely darkened, no matter how much Egypt prayed it could and would not shed any light until  Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, allowed it!

But, tragically, it had to come to the final act, and it was a tragic one, for pharaoh to force Elohim’s hand!

Deity 10 - the god - “Pharaoh” himself - Death of the firstborn son:

Divine status was automatically attributed to all Pharaohs. Thus, it would be the 10th.plague that finally convinced Pharaoh of the awesome power of the Almighty  Elohim of Israel, blessed be His sanctified Name, and it finally brought Pharaoh right down to his knees. The death of his first-born had a particular significance, because the first born of a Pharaoh was given equal status to Pharaoh himself for both were considered gods.

This plague was directed against all the first born, including all cattle thus again exposed the impotency of “Apis,” the sacred bull, together with “Hathor,” the goddess with the head of a cow.

This judgement was frightful in the extreme as Elohim had to break the iron will of Pharaoh and his people, in order to bring about the release the children of Israel, from the harsh Egyptian bondage.

“And Moshe said: 'Thus saith : About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt; and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill; and all the first-born of cattle. And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there hath been none like it, nor shall be like it any more” … “For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am ” Shemot - Exodus 11:4-6 & 12:12 (JPS).

What terrible and great lengths our Heavenly Father was forced to go to in order to save His people, the Children of Israel from this harsh and terrible slavery!

What a mighty promise Israel was given so long ago to Avraham! The Hebrews were living in Egypt, at first it was by Elohim’s will, but they should have returned home after the drought was over, but they stayed as they were living in Goshen, the land of plenty and refused to go home, and sadly far too many of the Hebrews commenced to worship pagan gods, just as they did during Yirmyahu - Jeremiah’s days. And in Egypt most were living in sin, but because thankfully there were still a few faithful Hebrews and due to the covenant that Elohim had made with Avraham,  Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, delivered them from bondage and slavery. He brought them into freedom and gave them hope and returning them, well the new generation, to the “Land of Milk and Honey, after the 40 year journey in the wilderness”.

Today Israel is only partially restored to the land of promise, yet sadly they are not living according to the will of Elohim,  blessed be He, for the land as I mentioned is really secular and very much has become sadly a sinful nation, I addition the vast majority of Jews are still living in dispersion.

However, Elohim, blessed be He, will in due course deliver us from bondage, but return all of us, which will be the great Exodus that is still to come and we will eventually all go home from the “Four Corners of the Earth” and it is an Exodus that will be greater than the one we are currently studying, but that is a whole different story!

Let us sum up the Exodus story and turn to the words of Moshe in Davarim - Deuteronomy 4:32 – 34.

“For ask now of the days past, which were before thee, since the day that Elohim created man upon the earth, and from the one end of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it? Did ever a people hear the voice of Elohim speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live? Or hath Elohim assayed to go and take Him a nation from the midst of another nation, by trials, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by an outstretched arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the  your Elohim did for you in Egypt before thine eyes?” Davarim - Deuteronomy 4:32 to 34 (JPS).

Let us now look at the 7 statements of Deliverance in the concluding part of these verses. According to verse 34, YHVH our Elohim delivered Israel by the following seven ways.

1.    By Trials
2.    By Signs
3.    By Wonders
4.    By War
5.    By a Mighty Hand
6.    By a Stretched Out Arm
7.    By Great Terrors

Never since the days of Adam was there such a great event like the Exodus. During these great events Elohim showed His Justice, Mercy and His Love for His Children of Israel, as He delivered them out of Egypt with a mighty hand.

In Tehillim - Psalm 105 verse 8 it says that Elohim “Has remembered His Covenant (with Israel) forever (LeOlam)” and Moshe said that never before had Israel, and the world for that matter, seen such love.

We all know that the number 7 is the number of perfection and completion, thus, Israel’s Deliverance was a perfect Deliverance, for 7 proves that is was complete in every detail. What a great Elohim He is. Here He shows that when He saves, He saves with perfection as has been proved by the night of the Pesach - Passover, and I will write a special study on that soon, for there is something most of us do not now, and it will be a blessing!

But in conclusion, why was the Hebrews delivered from Mitzraim in such a mighty and perfect way?

It is because  Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, wished His Name to be a by-word of power and to show His Presence and His Wisdom to 1. B’Nai Yisroel, the Children of Israel, 2. To all the nations round about. And remember, Canaan had heard about the power of the Elohim of Israel and we later learn that Rehab in Jericho had heard about the Hebrew’s and the power of their Elohim!

Yahoshua - Joshua 2:10-11 – Rachab - Rahab said;

“For we have heard how  dried up the water of the Red Sea before you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond the Jordan, unto Sihon and to Og, whom ye utterly destroyed. And as soon as we had heard it, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more spirit in any man, because of you; for  your Elohim, He is Elohim in heaven above and on earth beneath” (JPS).

Our hearts did melt” Did they “melt” because of the greatness of the Children of Israel? No certainly not, their “hearts melted” because of the Great I AM -  of Israel. All this happened because Moshe obeyed and went to Egypt after he had complained saying that he could not do it, thus Elohim, blessed be He, sent his brother Acharon - Aaron with him.

Beloved, nothing can happen if we stay at home being a good, but not a very useful Jew!

We are living in what I believe to be in very urgent and most certainly evil times, for the world is certainly not heading in the right direction. Let us go forth and give out Tzedakah, and do anything that will benefit our community and not waste any precious time. I know that Elohim is calling many of us, even today! Will your response be - “Here I am, Elohim” Yeshayahu - Isaiah 6:8. I hope it is, for we need to go and do good and trust our Creator, for He will lead you, as He knows where there are lives that need help, and sadly with the way our world is today, sadly far too many lives have already been lost with that evil Pandemic and we can do something very special for someone you may know, or somehow meet!

I trust that you have gained something from this study, and I pray that it will bless your life and that of another!

Regarding the man-made laws, etc, read - Ushpizin & Other Customs

May the Shalom (Peace) of Elohim fill your life, your family and your home!

Rabbi Reuven Ben-Avraham.


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Please Note: On many pages of this site, we will use the four letter *“Memorial Name” of the Almighty in Ivrit -  - Y-H-V-H, which we Jews usually pronounce as “HaShem” or “Adonai”. At all times treat the most blessed Name with sanctity and when we even see the Name, we should say “blessed be His Sanctified Name.”


*This is My Name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.” Shemot - Exodus 3:15.




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