Hebraic Studies – The 613 Mitzvot - with Dr. Rabbi Reuven ben-Avaraham. D.Litt,, Ph.D,, D.H.L., D.H.S,. D.J.S,

Please Note: Firefox and some other search engines are not suitable

Use Google Chrome for this page to load perfectly!

Doctorates are as follows:

1. of Literature, 2. of Philosophy, 3. of Hebrew Literature/Letters.

4. of Hebrew Studies. 5. of Hebrew (Jewish) Studies.




Please do NOT visit this or any site online or on your mobile on Shabbat or during the Yom Tovim (Feasts)!



Please Note: on this page and site I will be showing the most blessed four letter *“Memorial Name” of our beloved Creator in Ivrit - Y-H-V-H, blessed be His Sanctified Name, which we usually pronounce as “Adonai” or “HaShem” prior the destruction of the Second Temple. However at all times please treat the most blessed Name with great Sanctity, and when we even see the Holy Name, we should say “Blessed be His Sanctified Name.”


In addition throughout the site I will use a version based on the “Jewish Publication Society” (JPS) version of the torah/Tanakh (Law/Prophets/Writtings).

*“This is My Name forever, and this is My Memorial to all generations.” Shemot - Exodus 3:15. (JPS version of the Torah).


The 613 Mitzvot




Three Points of Understanding:

I would like to point out that there are three important levels of learning & understanding regarding the study of our blessed Torah, as well as the wonderful treasures to be found in the Tanakh, which was given to Elohim’s beloved servant Moshe and the Nevi’im being Elohim’s chosen prophets.

When we read and study His teachings, as Jews I know what we will find below will provide a valuable guide which will provide us with guidance and will illuminate the sheer beauty and the fullness of what our blessed Creator is actually telling us. Therefore what we need to grasp and understand are the following three very important questions:

1. Who was Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, speaking to?

2. Also, when was it said?

3. Most importantly, HOW was His Word understood at the time it was spoken/given?

I firmly believe that these three points are extremely relevant to our understanding of …

1. What the Almighty was saying at the time - 2. As well as what it means to us today - and 3. Especially to you and me at this time!


As you can see below, this page covers the wonderful gift we were given, the 613 Mitzvot. And I have listed each and every one. However, not all are in use today, as I will clearly explain in Parts One and Two. 

Part One: “What is the relevance of the Mitzvot for the modern Jew?”

By request, Hebraic Studies presents the 613 Mitzvoth’s (commandments) which gave Yisroel whilst in the wilderness. By the keeping of the Torah (Mitzvot - the Law), Yisroel is promised by Elohim a secure land with rains in their seasons, and food in abundance. As our history proved there were indeed times of great faith, but sadly there were also times when Yisroel did not uphold the faith and went badly astray for these were sadly times when many of Yisroel worshipped Ba’al, and rejected the Torah, and thus we were taken captive by Medo Persia and Babylon, and finally in 69 CE we were once again scattered throughout the earth.

I have been asked; “Rabbi, what is the relevance of the Mitzvot for the modern Jew?” let me answer this in the following two ways;

1. The Torah was given to us as an everlasting covenant!

2. It is relevant to our lives and it remains a vital aspect for our lives to this very day, as it was on the day our Elohim gave it to us at Mt Sinai!

As you read the Mitzvot below, you will note that many have been included in the laws of the secular lands we now live in, whilst others “Should be!” However, there are some, which obviously cannot be kept at this time, for sadly there is no Temple in Yerushalayim - Jerusalem, thus the Mitzvot of Sacrifices cannot be re-established until the blessed Temple is rebuilt. But there is much more in Part Two below.

We know, that the word “Torah” means “instruction” or “guide.” The word “Mitzvah” means both “commandment” and “connection.” Within the 613 Mitzvot’s (commandments), there are 248 Positive Commandments (the do’s) and 365 Negative Commandments (the don’ts).

In the Torah/Tanakh, words, and numbers matter, they are there for a specific purpose! Therefore, it is interesting to note, that the 248 Positive Commandments is equivalent to the number of organs and limbs in the human body. A person’s life does not depend on all of them, such as the hands or the legs. If they should be lost, it would be a great loss for such a person, as they would be severely disabled, a cripple, but continues to live. Then there are those organs, which are vital to our existence in the world, thus, if we were decapitated, or had our hearts torn out, we would lose the source of life. The same it is the Mitzvot, which we received from . It is written in Vayikra (Lev) 18:5 “You shall keep My statutes and My decrees, by the pursuit of which man shall live. I am .” Without the Almighty’s commandments in our lives, we are empty and will live in sin.

We should also note that the 365 negative commandments is equivalent to the number of blood vessels in our body. Should any of these be removed, life would end! Thus, through the study of the Torah and the keeping of the Mitzvoth, we connect ourselves, and our environment to our Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name. His purpose in creating the world is that we sanctify all creation, our lives should be full of love for the Almighty, and we should live a life in such a way that we honour Elohim with faith and action!

We should note that we were NOT ONLY redeemed out of Mitzraim (Egypt) by the blood painted on the doorposts and lintels, but, ALSO because of our ACTION in faith, as had commanded Yisroel. It was the blood of the lamb combined with faith, which redeemed Yisroel out of Mitzraim! Thus, it is with the keeping the Torah has given us. ACTION and FAITH will provide our redemption!

I believe, that it is important that we familiarise ourselves with the Torah, for in it we are shown how to live a happy, and healthy life. Today as we keep Torah, it is our offering unto Elohim, blessed be He!

It is important to understand that there were many of the Mitzvot that were given to Moshe, were in fact being repeated, for they had already been given back in history. The Sabbath was given back at the end of the creation, and ask yourself, how did Noach know which of the animals he was to load into the arc were “clean” and those who were also loaded, which were “unclean?” Does not take a great brain to figure that out! Also, even before arriving at Mount Sinai, Israel was forbidden to collect manna on what day? Of course it was the Sabbath. Yes Elohim repeated some of the previous Mitzvoth to Moshe to ensure that the people would fully understand them, as well as the new ones.

Part Two: Must we keep ALL of the 613 Mitzvot (Laws)?

The question has been asked, “Must we fulfil all 613 Mitzvot?” I hope that this study will make Elohim’s Law clearer.

In answer to the question above the reply is very simple; NO. Why, because many of the Mitzvot simply do not apply to you at this time.

Here are just a few examples.

There are many Mitzvot related directly with farming, and if you are not a farmer, you are not required to fulfil these Mitzvot which are only relevant to the farmer. However, if you have planted a fruit tree in your garden, you must offer the first fruit as prescribed in Mitzvot below. Just search this page with ‘fruit’ and you will find details, although there is no Temple, we return the “first fruit” to the soil.

Other only relate to the Kohen (a member of the Priestly family of the Tribe of Levi). For those are not a Kohen their Mitzvot do not apply to you. In fact, even those who are Kohen, they cannot fulfil these Mitzvot, as most can only be fulfilled when there is a Temple.

Any Mitzvot related to women obviously cannot apply to men, the reverse also applies.

There are Mitzvot related to war, obviously these only apply to the military.

Any Mitzvot that pertain to a judge in Jewish Court cannot apply to us, as they are only for a judge.

Thus in reply not all the 613 Mitzvot applies to us all. Below is a complete listing of the Mitzvot as found in the Torah. These are placed in Category and have the Torah references alongside.

Keep the Torah, all those Mitzvot that APPLY to you at this time, when there is no Temple, etc!

Obviously, most readers will know that the author does not accept nor upholds any of the later added rabbinic or better said man made laws. In the “Kitzur Shulhan Aruh” or the “Code of Jewish Law” there are some unbelievable man-made laws prescribed, including in the section ‘Volume 1’ chapter 5, item N 17, where we are told the following;

“If a man’s heart could view his genitals, he is not allowed to utter anything holy, even though his nakedness is covered”.

In short it continues to tell us that a man must have “something tight around his waist, a rope or a tight belt”, etc, so “that his heart cannot see”, well you know what! In other words if he is correctly dressed, but has not something very tight around his waist he cannot pray or utter anything sacred. Therefore if you are ill, and in hospital wearing your pyjamas you are forbidden to pray, why?

The truth is that certain rabbi’s of the past have made up this rubbish and have added thousands of additional non Torah “laws” 100% man-made and human created laws and apparently according to these so called scientists (that’s a joke) your heart actually has eyes and it can actually see your genitals”. By the way, this idiotic law does not apply to our beloved ladies, but believe me, these rabbis have hundreds of other idiotic laws that are just as far removed from Elohim’s law!

Regarding the Sabbath:

For example besides the three very simple “Shabbat Laws” as is clearly given in the Torah, that was simply not good enough for the rabbis of days long gone and they added an unbelievable amount of further “Oral Laws”. For example, it is forbidden to break a yogurt cup on the Sabbath, and you are also not permitted to rip a piece of toilet paper, and you are even not permitted to dry off, and you cannot look in the mirror, for if you do you will have broken a Sabbath Law, although it can not be found in the Torah, or is even eluded to anywhere in the rest of the Tanakh! But that is according the Man Made (rabbinic) law! There are countless other ridiculous, rabbinical rules that completely miss our beloved Elohim’s purpose and the true goal of His Mitzvah’s.

Thus what are the three main laws:

1. “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holyShemos - Exodus 20:7.

2. “The seventh day is a Sabbath unto thy Elohim, in it thou shalt not do any manner of workShemos - Exodus 20:10.

3. “Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the Sabbath dayShemos - Exodus 35:3.

The aforementioned two conditions are repeated in Shemos chapter 35, but with that additional condition, being N3 shown above.

“On the seventh day there shall be to you a holy day, a Sabbath of solemn rest to … Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the Sabbath day” Shemos - Exodus 35:2-3.

I would like to explain the meaning of the Mitzvah regarding the fire.

In ancient times, the ladies would go out and collect the wood for the fire, and of course they would then cook the meals on that fire. Thus this Mitzvot was actually directed so lovingly at the ladies, for on Shabbat they would have a rest from their normal work, but they were permitted to make cold food, but not have to cook meals as they did six days per week, for that was in those days their appointed work!

However in the man created Mishnah these rabbis, who in the Talmud cannot even agree with each other, enumerated some 39 major Sabbath categories, with hundreds of further subcategories of work that is forbidden on the Shabbat that should simply be a day Sanctified to Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified name! But Rabbis made the Sabbath a burden, not Elohim, blessed be He!

What does our blessed Elohim think of all these man made laws?

Elohim, blessed be He, makes it very clear that He abhors man changing His Torah, His Word! His beloved Torah makes it absolutely clear that no one is permitted to keep any other Mitzvot than those given in the Torah as Elohim gave to Moshe.

The following are just several examples to be found in the Torah and Tanakh regarding altering the Word of our Elohim, blessed be He!

“Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish from it, that ye may keep the commandments of your Elohim which I command you. Davarim - Deuteronomy 4:2 (JPS).

“Ye shall observe to do therefore as your Elohim hath commanded you; ye shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. Davarim - Deuteronomy 5:28 (JPS).

“Beware lest thou forget thy Elohim, in not keeping His commandments, and His ordinances, and His statutes, which I command thee this day” Davarim - Deuteronomy 8:11 (JPS).

“All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from itDavarim - Deuteronomy 13:1 (JPS) - (Chapter 12:32 in non Jewish Scriptures).

“Every word of Elohim is pure; He is a shield unto them that take refuge in Him. Add thou not unto His words, lest He reprove thee, and thou be found a liar” Mishle Shlomo - Proverbs of Solomon 30 5-6 (JPS).

Always keep Elohim, blessed be He, in your prayer’s.

A prayer in Ivtit in Hebrew and English.

“Lev tahor bra li Elochim Veruakh nakhon khadesh bekirbi. Al tashlokheyni mil'fanecha
Veruakh kadshecha al-tikakh mimeni

“Almighty, create for me a pure heart and a righteous soul and renew within me (YHVH Elohim) ([God)]. Please don't cast me away from you and don't take from me the soul of Your Holiness!”

I pray that you and your Mishpachah or Mesbucha (family) will have your lives filled with the Peace of the Almighty, and that His Torah Mitzvot will play an important role in your life!


Rabbi Reuven Ben-Avraham.

Part Three: The 613 Mitzvoth – Laws:


1.                  To know that Elohim exists (Ex. 20:2; Deut. 5:6).

2.                  Not to entertain the idea that there is any other but the Eternal (Ex. 20:3).

3.                  Not to blaspheme (Ex. 22:27; in Christian texts, Ex. 22:28), the penalty for which is death (Lev. 24:16) (negative).

4.                  To hallow Elohim's name (Lev. 22:32).

5.                  Not to profane Elohim's name (Lev. 22:32).

6.                  To know that Elohim is ECHAD - ONE (Deut. 6:4) .

7.                  To love Elohim (Deut. 6:5).

8.                  To fear Him reverently (Deut. 6:13; 10:20).

9.                  Not to put the word of Elohim to the test (Deut. 6:16) (negative).

10.              To imitate His good and upright ways (Deut. 28:9).


11.              To honour the old and the wise (Lev. 19:32).

12.              To learn Torah and to teach it (Deut. 6:7).

13.              To cleave to those who know Him (Deut. 10:20).

14.              Not to add to the commandments of the Torah, whether in the Written Law or in its interpretation received by tradition (Deut. 13:1).

15.              Not to take away from the commandments of the Torah (Deut. 13:1).

16.              That every person shall write a scroll of the Torah for himself (Deut. 31:19).

Signs and Symbols

17.              To circumcise the male offspring (Gen. 17:12; Lev. 12:3).

18.              To put tzitzit on the corners of clothing.

19.              To bind tefillin on the head (Deut. 6:8).

20.              To bind tefillin on the arm (Deut. 6:8).

21.              To affix the mezuzah to the doorposts and gates of your house (Deut. 6:9).

Prayer and Blessings

22.              To pray to Elohim (Ex. 23:25; Deut. 6:13).

23.              To read the Shema in the morning and at night (Deut. 6:7).

24.              To recite grace after meals (Deut. 8:10).

25.              Not to lay down a stone for worship (Lev. 26:1).

Love and Brotherhood

26.              To love all human beings who are of the covenant (Lev. 19:18).

27.              Not to stand by idly when a human life is in danger (Lev. 19:16).

28.              Not to wrong any one in speech (Lev. 25:17).

29.              Not to carry tales (Lev. 19:16).

30.              Not to cherish hatred in one's heart (Lev. 19:17).

31.              Not to take revenge (Lev. 19:18).

32.              Not to bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18).

33.              Not to put any Jew to shame (Lev. 19:17).

34.              Not to curse any other Israelite (Lev. 19:14) (by implication: if you may not curse those who cannot hear, you certainly may not curse those who can).

35.              Not to give occasion to the simple-minded to stumble on the road (Lev. 19:14) (this includes doing anything that will cause another to sin).

36.              To rebuke the sinner (Lev. 19:17).

37.              To relieve a neighbour of his burden and help to unload his beast (Ex. 23:5).

38.              To assist in replacing the load upon a neighbour’s beast (Deut. 22:4).

39.              Not to leave a beast, that has fallen down beneath its burden, unaided (Deut. 22:4).

The Poor and Unfortunate

40.              Not to afflict an orphan or a widow (Ex. 22:21).

41.              Not to reap the entire field (Lev. 19:9; Lev. 23:22) (negative).

42.              To leave the un-reaped corner of the field or orchard for the poor (Lev. 19:9) (affirmative).

43.              Not to gather gleanings (the ears that have fallen to the ground while reaping) (Lev. 19:9) (negative).

44.              To leave the gleanings for the poor (Lev. 19:9) (affirmative).

45.              Not to gather ol'loth (the imperfect clusters) of the vineyard (Lev. 19:10) (negative).

46.              To leave ol'loth (the imperfect clusters) of the vineyard for the poor (Lev. 19:10; Deut. 24:21) (affirmative).

47.              Not to gather the peret (grapes) that have fallen to the ground (Lev. 19:10) (negative).

48.              To leave peret (the single grapes) of the vineyard for the poor (Lev. 19:10) (affirmative).

49.              Not to return to take a forgotten sheaf (Deut. 24:19) This applies to all fruit trees (Deut. 24:20) (negative).

50.              To leave the forgotten sheaves for the poor (Deut. 24:19-20) (affirmative).

51.              Not to refrain from maintaining a poor man and giving him what he needs (Deut. 15:7).

52.              To give charity according to one's means (Deut. 15:11).

Treatment of Gentiles

53.              To love the stranger (Deut. 10:19).

54.              Not to wrong the stranger in speech (Ex. 22:20).

55.              Not to wrong the stranger in buying or selling (Ex. 22:20).

56.              Not to intermarry with gentiles (Deut. 7:3).

57.              To exact the debt of an alien (Deut. 15:3) (affirmative).

58.              To lend to an alien at interest (Deut. 23:21) According to tradition, this is mandatory (affirmative).

Marriage, Divorce and Family

59.              To honour father and mother (Ex. 20:12).

60.              Not to smite a father or a mother (Ex. 21:15).

61.              Not to curse a father or mother (Ex. 21:17).

62.              To reverently fear father and mother (Lev. 19:3).

63.              To be fruitful and multiply (Gen. 1:28).

64.              That a eunuch shall not marry a daughter of Israel (Deut. 23:2).

65.              That a mamzer shall not marry the daughter of a Jew (Deut. 23:3).

66.              That an Ammonite or Moabite shall never marry the daughter of an Israelite (Deut. 23:4) (negative).

67.              Not to exclude a descendant of Esau from the community of Israel for three generations (Deut. 23:8-9) (negative).

68.              Not to exclude an Egyptian from the community of Israel for three generations (Deut. 23:8-9) (negative).

69.              That there shall be no harlot (in Israel); that is, that there shall be no intercourse with a woman, without previous marriage with a deed of marriage and formal declaration of marriage (Deut. 23:18).

70.              To take a wife by kiddushin, the sacrament of marriage (Deut. 24:1).

71.              That the newly married husband shall (be free) for one year to rejoice with his wife (Deut. 24:5) (affirmative).

72.              That a bridegroom shall be exempt for a whole year from taking part in any public labour, such as military service, guarding the wall and similar duties (Deut. 24:5) (negative).

73.              Not to withhold food, clothing or conjugal rights from a wife (Ex. 21:10).

74.              That the woman suspected of adultery shall be dealt with as prescribed in the Torah (Num. 5:30) (affirmative).

75.              That one who defames his wife's honour (by falsely accusing her of unchastity before marriage) must live with her all his lifetime (Deut. 22:19) (affirmative).

76.              That a man may not divorce his wife concerning whom he has published an evil report (about her unchastity before marriage) (Deut. 22:19) (negative).

77.              To divorce by a formal written document (Deut. 24:1) (affirmative).

78.              That one who divorced his wife shall not remarry her, if after the divorce she had been married to another man (Deut. 24:4).

79.              That a widow whose husband died childless must not be married to anyone but her deceased husband's brother (Deut. 25:5). (this is only in effect insofar as it requires the procedure of release below).

80.              To marry the widow of a brother who has died childless (Deut. 25:5) (this is only in effect insofar as it requires the procedure of release below).

81.              That the widow formally release the brother-in-law (if he refuses to marry her) (Deut. 25:7-9).

Forbidden Sexual Relations

82.              Not to indulge in familiarities with relatives, such as kissing, embracing, winking, skipping, which may lead to incest (Lev. 18:6).

83.              Not to commit incest with one's mother (Lev. 18:7).

84.              Not to commit sodomy with one's father (Lev. 18:7).

85.              Not to commit incest with one's father's wife (Lev. 18:8).

86.              Not to commit incest with one's sister (Lev. 18:9).

87.              Not to commit incest with one's father's wife's daughter (Lev. 18:9).

88.              Not to commit incest with one's son's daughter (Lev. 18:10).

89.              Not to commit incest with one's daughter's daughter (Lev. 18:10).

90.              Not to commit incest with one's daughter.

91.              Not to commit incest with one's fathers sister (Lev. 18:12).

92.              Not to commit incest with one's mother's sister (Lev. 18:13).

93.              Not to commit incest with one's father's brothers wife (Lev. 18:14).

94.              Not to commit sodomy with one's father's brother (Lev. 18:14).

95.              Not to commit incest with one's son's wife (Lev. 18:15).

96.              Not to commit incest with one's brother's wife (Lev. 18:16).

97.              Not to commit incest with one's wife's daughter (Lev. 18:17).

98.              Not to commit incest with the daughter of one's wife's son (Lev. 18:17).

99.              Not to commit incest with the daughter of one's wife's daughter (Lev. 18:17).

100.          Not to commit incest with one's wife's sister (Lev. 18:18).

101.          Not to have intercourse with a woman, in her menstrual period (Lev. 18:19).

102.          Not to have intercourse with another man's wife (Lev. 18:20).

103.          Not to commit sodomy with a male (Lev. 18:22).

104.          Not to have intercourse with a beast (Lev. 18:23).

105.          That a woman shall not have intercourse with a beast (Lev. 18:23).

106.          Not to castrate the male of any species; neither a man, nor a domestic or wild beast, nor a fowl (Lev. 22:24).

Times and Seasons

107.          That the new month shall be solemnly proclaimed as holy, and the months and years shall be calculated by the Supreme Court only (Ex. 12:2) (affirmative) (the authority to declare months is inferred from the use of the word "unto you").

108.          Not to travel on Shabbat outside the limits of one's place of residence (Ex. 16:29).

109.          To sanctify Shabbat (Ex. 20:8).

110.          Not to do work on Shabbat (Ex. 20:10).

111.          To rest on Shabbat (Ex. 23:12; 34:21).

112.          To celebrate the festivals [Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot] (Ex. 23:14) (affirmative).

113.          To rejoice on the festivals (Deut. 16:14).

114.          To appear in the Sanctuary on the festivals (Deut. 16:16) (affirmative).

115.          To remove chametz on the Eve of Passover (Ex. 12:15).

116.          To rest on the first day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:7).

117.          Not to do work on the first day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:6-7).

118.          To rest on the seventh day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:8).

119.          Not to do work on the seventh day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:8).

120.          To eat matzah on the first night of Passover (Ex. 12:18).

121.          That no chametz be in the Israelite's possession during Passover (Ex. 12:19).

122.          Not to eat any food containing chametz on Passover (Ex. 12:20).

123.          Not to eat chametz on Passover (Ex. 13:3).

124.          That chametz shall not be seen in an Israelite's home during Passover (Ex. 13:7).

125.          To discuss the departure from Egypt on the first night of Passover (Ex. 13:8).

126.          Not to eat chametz after mid-day on the fourteenth of Nissan (Deut. 16:3).

127.          To count forty-nine days from the time of the cutting of the Omer (first sheaves of the barley harvest) (Lev. 23:15).

128.          To rest on Shavuot (Lev. 23:21).

129.          Not to do work on the Shavuot (Lev. 23:21).

130.          To rest on Rosh Hashanah (Lev. 23:24).

131.          Not to do work on Rosh Hashanah (Lev. 23:25).

132.          To hear the sound of the shofar on Rosh Hashanah (Num. 29:1).

133.          To fast on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:27).

134.          Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:29).

135.          Not to do work on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:31).

136.          To rest on the Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:32).

137.          To rest on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35).

138.          Not to do work on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35).

139.          To rest on the eighth day of Sukkot (Shemini Atzeret) (Lev. 23:36).

140.          Not to do work on the eighth day of Sukkot (Shemini Atzeret) (Lev. 23:36).

141.          To take during Sukkot a palm branch and the other three plants (Lev. 23:40).

142.          To dwell in booths seven days during Sukkot (Lev. 23:42).

Dietary Laws

143.          To examine the marks in cattle (so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean) (Lev. 11:2) (affirmative).

144.          Not to eat the flesh of unclean beasts (Lev. 11:4).

145.          To examine the marks in fishes (so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Lev. 11:9).

146.          Not to eat unclean fish (Lev. 11:11).

147.          To examine the marks in fowl, so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Deut. 14:11) (affirmative).

148.          Not to eat unclean fowl (Lev. 11:13).

149.          To examine the marks in locusts, so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Lev. 11:21) (affirmative).

150.          Not to eat a worm found in fruit (Lev. 11:41).

151.          Not to eat of things that creep upon the earth (Lev. 11:41-42).

152.          Not to eat any vermin of the earth (Lev. 11:44).

153.          Not to eat things that swarm in the water (Lev. 11:43 and 46).

154.          Not to eat of winged insects (Deut. 14:19).

155.          Not to eat the flesh of a beast that is terefah (lit torn) (Ex. 22:30).

156.          Not to eat the flesh of a beast that died of itself (Deut. 14:21).

157.          To slay cattle, deer and fowl according to the laws of shechitah if their flesh is to be eaten (Deut. 12:21) - ("as I have commanded" in this verse refers to the technique).

158.          Not to eat a limb removed from a living beast (Deut. 12:23).

159.          Not to slaughter an animal and its young on the same day (Lev. 22:28).

160.          Not to take the mother-bird with the young (Deut. 22:6).

161.          To set the mother-bird free when taking the nest (Deut. 22:6-7).

162.          Not to eat the flesh of an ox that was condemned to be stoned (Ex. 21:28) (negative).

163.          Not to boil meat with milk (Ex. 23:19).

164.          Not to eat flesh with milk (Ex. 34:26) (according to the Talmud, this passage is a distinct prohibition from the one in Ex. 23:19).

165.          Not to eat the of the thigh-vein which shrank (Gen. 32:33).

166.          Not to eat chelev (tallow-fat) (Lev. 7:23).

167.          Not to eat blood (Lev. 7:26).

168.          To cover the blood of undomesticated animals (deer, etc.) and of fowl that have been killed (Lev. 17:13).

169.          Not to eat or drink like a glutton or a drunkard (not to rebel against father or mother) (Lev. 19:26; Deut. 21:20).

Business Practices

170.          Not to do wrong in buying or selling (Lev. 25:14).

171.          Not to make a loan to an Israelite on interest (Lev. 25:37).

172.          Not to borrow on interest (Deut. 23:20) (because this would cause the lender to sin).

173.          Not to take part in any usurious transaction between borrower and lender, neither as a surety, nor as a witness, nor as a writer of the bond for them (Ex. 22:24).

174.          To lend to a poor person (Ex. 22:24) (even though the passage says "if you lend" it is understood as obligatory).

175.          Not to demand from a poor man repayment of his debt, when the creditor knows that he cannot pay, nor press him (Ex. 22:24).

176.          Not to take in pledge utensils used in preparing food (Deut. 24:6).

177.          Not to exact a pledge from a debtor by force (Deut. 24:10).

178.          Not to keep the pledge from its owner at the time when he needs it (Deut. 24:12).

179.          To return a pledge to its owner (Deut. 24:13).

180.          Not to take a pledge from a widow (Deut. 24:17).

181.          Not to commit fraud in measuring (Lev. 19:35).

182.          To ensure that scales and weights are correct (Lev. 19:36) (affirmative).

183.          Not to possess inaccurate measures and weights (Deut. 25:13-14).

Employees, Servants and Slaves

184.          Not to delay payment of a hired man's wages (Lev. 19:13).

185.          That the hired labourer shall be permitted to eat of the produce he is reaping (Deut. 23:25-26).

186.          That the hired labourer shall not take more than he can eat (Deut. 23:25).

187.          That a hired labourer shall not eat produce that is not being harvested (Deut. 23:26).

188.          To pay wages to the hired man at the due time (Deut. 24:15).

189.          To deal judicially with the Hebrew bondman in accordance with the laws appertaining to him (Ex. 21:2-6) (affirmative).

190.          Not to compel the Hebrew servant to do the work of a slave (Lev. 25:39) (negative).

191.          Not to sell a Hebrew servant as a slave (Lev. 25:42) (negative).

192.          Not to treat a Hebrew servant rigorously (Lev. 25:43) (negative).

193.          Not to permit a gentile to treat harshly a Hebrew bondman sold to him (Lev. 25:53) (negative).

194.          Not to send away a Hebrew bondman servant empty handed, when he is freed from service (Deut. 15:13) (negative).

195.          To bestow liberal gifts upon the Hebrew bondsman (at the end of his term of service), and the same should be done to a Hebrew bondwoman (Deut. 15:14) (affirmative).

196.          To redeem a Hebrew maid-servant (Ex. 21:8) (affirmative).

197.          Not to sell a Hebrew maid-servant to another person (Ex. 21:8) (negative).

198.          To espouse a Hebrew maid-servant (Ex. 21:8-9) (affirmative).

199.          To keep the Canaanite slave forever (Lev. 25:46) (affirmative).

200.          Not to surrender a slave, who has fled to the land of Israel, to his owner who lives outside Palestine (Deut. 23:16) (negative).

201.          Not to wrong such a slave (Deut. 23:17) (negative).

202.          Not to muzzle a beast, while it is working in produce which it can eat and enjoy (Deut. 25:4).

Vows, Oaths and Swearing

203.          That a man should fulfil whatever he has uttered (Deut. 23:24).

204.          Not to swear needlessly (Ex. 20:7).

205.          Not to violate an oath or swear falsely (Lev. 19:12).

206.          To decide in cases of annulment of vows, according to the rules set forth in the Torah (Num. 30:2-17).

207.          Not to break a vow (Num. 30:3).

208.          To swear by His name truly (Deut. 10:20) (affirmative).

209.          Not to delay in fulfilling vows or bringing vowed or free-will offerings (Deut. 23:22).

The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years

210.          To let the land lie fallow in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11; Lev. 25:2) (affirmative) (CCI20).

211.          To cease from tilling the land in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11) (affirmative) (Lev. 25:2) (CCI21).

212.          Not to till the ground in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4) (negative).

213.          Not to do any work on the trees in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4) (negative).

214.          Not to reap the aftermath that grows in the Sabbatical year, in the same way as it is reaped in other years (Lev. 25:5) (negative).

215.          Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Sabbatical year in the same way as it is gathered in other years (Lev. 25:5) (negative).

216.          To sound the Ram's horn in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:9) (affirmative).

217.          To release debts in the seventh year (Deut. 15:2).

218.          Not to demand return of a loan after the Sabbatical year has passed (Deut. 15:2).

219.          Not to refrain from making a loan to a poor man, because of the release of loans in the Sabbatical year (Deut. 15:9).

220.          To assemble the people to hear the Torah at the close of the seventh year (Deut. 31:12) (affirmative)

221.          To count the years of the Jubilee by years and by cycles of seven years (Lev. 25:8) (affirmative).

222.          To keep the Jubilee year holy by resting and letting the land lie fallow (Lev. 25:10) (affirmative).

223.          Not to cultivate the soil nor do any work on the trees, in the Jubilee Year (Lev. 25:11) (negative).

224.          Not to reap the aftermath of the field that grew of itself in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11) (negative).

225.          Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11) (negative).

226.          To grant redemption to the land in the Jubilee year (Lev. 25:24) (affirmative).

The Court and Judicial Procedure

227.          To appoint judges and officers in every community of Israel (Deut. 16:18) (affirmative).

228.          Not to appoint as a judge, a person who is not well versed in the laws of the Torah, even if he is expert in other branches of knowledge (Deut. 1:17).

229.          To adjudicate cases of purchase and sale (Lev. 25:14).

230.          To judge cases of liability of a paid depositary (Ex. 22:9) (affirmative).

231.          To adjudicate cases of loss for which a gratuitous borrower is liable (Ex. 22:13-14) (affirmative).

232.          To adjudicate cases of inheritances (Num. 27:8-11).

233.          To judge cases of damage caused by an uncovered pit (Ex. 21:33-34) (affirmative).

234.          To judge cases of injuries caused by beasts (Ex. 21:35-36) (affirmative).

235.          To adjudicate cases of damage caused by trespass of cattle (Ex. 22:4) (affirmative).

236.          To adjudicate cases of damage caused by fire (Ex. 22:5) (affirmative).

237.          To adjudicate cases of damage caused by a gratuitous depositary (Ex. 22:6-7) (affirmative).

238.          To adjudicate other cases between a plaintiff and a defendant (Ex. 22:8) (affirmative).

239.          Not to curse a judge (Ex. 22:27).

240.          That one who possesses evidence shall testify in Court (Lev. 5:1) (affirmative).

241.          Not to testify falsely (Ex. 20:13).

242.          That a witness, who has testified in a capital case, shall not lay down the law in that particular case (Num. 35:30) (negative).

243.          That a transgressor shall not testify (Ex. 23:1).

244.          That the court shall not accept the testimony of a close relative of the defendant in matters of capital punishment (Deut. 24:16).

245.          Not to hear one of the parties to a suit in the absence of the other party (Ex. 23:1).

246.          To examine witnesses thoroughly (Deut. 13:15) (affirmative).

247.          Not to decide a case on the evidence of a single witness (Deut. 19:15).

248.          To give the decision according to the majority, when there is a difference of opinion among the members of the Sanhedrin as to matters of law (Ex. 23:2) (affirmative).

249.          Not to decide, in capital cases, according to the view of the majority, when those who are for condemnation exceed by one only, those who are for acquittal (Ex. 23:2) (negative).

250.          That, in capital cases, one who had argued for acquittal, shall not later on argue for condemnation (Ex. 23:2) (negative).

251.          To treat parties in a litigation with equal impartiality (Lev. 19:15) (affirmative).

252.          Not to render iniquitous decisions (Lev. 19:15).

253.          Not to favour a great man when trying a case (Lev. 19:15).

254.          Not to take a bribe (Ex. 23:8).

255.          Not to be afraid of a bad man, when trying a case (Deut. 1:17).

256.          Not to be moved in trying a case, by the poverty of one of the parties (Ex. 23:3; Lev. 19:15).

257.          Not to pervert the judgment of strangers or orphans (Deut. 24:17).

258.          Not to pervert the judgment of a sinner (a person poor in fulfilment of commandments) (Ex. 23:6).

259.          Not to render a decision on one's personal opinion, but only on the evidence of two witnesses, who saw what actually occurred (Ex. 23:7) (negative).

260.          Not to execute one guilty of a capital offense, before he has stood his trial (Num. 35:12) (negative).

261.          To accept the rulings of every Supreme Court in Israel (Deut. 17:11) (affirmative).

262.          Not to rebel against the orders of the Court (Deut. 17:11).

Injuries and Damages

263.          To make a parapet for your roof (Deut. 22:8).

264.          Not to leave something that might cause hurt (Deut. 22:8).

265.          To save the pursued even at the cost of the life of the pursuer (Deut. 25:12) (affirmative).

266.          Not to spare a pursuer, but he is to be slain before he reaches the pursued and slays the latter, or uncovers his nakedness (Deut. 25:12) (negative).

Property and Property Rights

267.          Not to sell a field in the land of Israel in perpetuity (Lev. 25:23) (negative).

268.          Not to change the character of the open land (about the cities of) the Levites or of their fields; not to sell it in perpetuity, but it may be redeemed at any time (Lev. 25:34) (negative).

269.          That houses sold within a walled city may be redeemed within a year (Lev. 25:29) (affirmative).

270.          Not to remove landmarks (property boundaries) (Deut. 19:14).

271.          Not to swear falsely in denial of another's property rights (Lev. 19:11).

272.          Not to deny falsely another's property rights (Lev. 19:11).

273.          Never to settle in the land of Egypt (Deut. 17:16).

274.          Not to steal personal property (Lev. 19:11).

275.          To restore that which one took by robbery (Lev. 5:23).

276.          To return lost property (Deut. 22:1).

277.          Not to pretend not to have seen lost property, to avoid the obligation to return it (Deut. 22:3).

Criminal Laws

278.          Not to slay an innocent person (Ex. 20:13).

279.          Not to kidnap any person of Israel (Ex. 20:13).

280.          Not to rob by violence (Lev. 19:13).

281.          Not to defraud (Lev. 19:13).

282.          Not to covet what belongs to another (Ex. 20:14).

283.          Not to crave something that belongs to another (Deut. 5:18).

284.          Not to indulge in evil thoughts and sights (Num. 15:39).

Punishment and Restitution

285.          That the Court shall pass sentence of death by decapitation with the sword (Ex. 21:20; Lev. 26:25) (affirmative).

286.          That the Court shall pass sentence of death by strangulation (Lev. 20:10) (affirmative).

287.          That the Court shall pass sentence of death by burning with fire (Lev. 20:14) (affirmative).

288.          That the Court shall pass sentence of death by stoning (Deut. 22:24) (affirmative).

289.          To hang the dead body of one who has incurred that penalty (Deut. 21:22) (affirmative).

290.          That the dead body of an executed criminal shall not remain hanging on the tree over night (Deut. 21:23) (negative).

291.          To inter the executed on the day of execution (Deut. 21:23) (affirmative)

292.          Not to accept ransom from a murderer (Num. 35:31) (negative).

293.          To exile one who committed accidental homicide (Num. 35:25) (affirmative).

294.          To establish six cities of refuge (for those who committed accidental homicide) (Deut. 19:3) (affirmative).

295.          Not to accept ransom from an accidental homicide, so as to relieve him from exile (Num. 35:32) (negative).

296.          To decapitate the heifer in the manner prescribed (in expiation of a murder on the road, the perpetrator of which remained undiscovered) (Deut. 21:4) (affirmative).

297.          Not to plough nor sow the rough valley (in which a heifer's neck was broken) (Deut. 21:4) (negative).

298.          To adjudge a thief to pay compensation or (in certain cases) suffer death (Ex. 21:16; Ex. 21:37; Ex. 22:1) (affirmative).

299.          That he who inflicts a bodily injury shall pay monetary compensation (Ex. 21:18-19) (affirmative).

300.          To impose a penalty of fifty shekels upon the seducer (of an unbetrothed virgin) and enforce the other rules in connection with the case (Ex. 22:15-16) (affirmative).

301.          That the violator (of an unbetrothed virgin) shall marry her (Deut. 22:28-29) (affirmative).

302.          That one who has raped a damsel and has then (in accordance with the law) married her, may not divorce her (Deut. 22:29) (negative).

303.          Not to inflict punishment on Shabbat (Ex. 35:3) (because some punishments were inflicted by fire) (negative).

304.          To punish the wicked by the infliction of stripes (Deut. 25:2) (affirmative).

305.          Not to exceed the statutory number of stripes laid on one who has incurred that punishment (Deut. 25:3) (and by implication, not to strike anyone).

306.          Not to spare the offender, in imposing the prescribed penalties on one who has caused damage (Deut. 19:13) (negative).

307.          To do unto false witnesses as they had purposed to do (to the accused) (Deut. 19:19) (affirmative).

308.          Not to punish any one who has committed an offense under duress (Deut. 22:26) (negative).


309.          To heed the call of every prophet in each generation, provided that he neither adds to, nor takes away from the Torah (Deut. 18:15) (affirmative).

310.          Not to prophesy falsely (Deut. 18:20).

311.          Not to refrain from putting a false prophet to death nor to be in fear of him (Deut. 18:22) (negative).

Idolatry, Idolaters and Idolatrous Practices

312.          Not to make a graven image; neither to make it oneself nor to have it made by others (Ex. 20:4).

313.          Not to make any figures for ornament, even if they are not worshipped (Ex. 20:20).

314.          Not to make idols even for others (Ex. 34:17; Lev. 19:4) (CCN10).

315.          Not to use the ornament of any object of idolatrous worship (Deut. 7:25).

316.          Not to make use of an idol or its accessory objects, offerings, or libations (Deut. 7:26).

317.          Not to drink wine of idolaters (Deut. 32:38).

318.          Not to worship an idol in the way in which it is usually worshipped (Ex. 20:5).

319.          Not to bow down to an idol, even if that is not its mode of worship (Ex. 20:5).

320.          Not to prophesy in the name of an idol (Ex. 23:13; Deut. 18:20).

321.          Not to hearken to one who prophesies in the name of an idol (Deut. 13:4).

322.          Not to lead the children of Israel astray to idolatry (Ex. 23:13).

323.          Not to entice an Israelite to idolatry (Deut. 13:12).

324.          To destroy idolatry and its appurtenances (Deut. 12:2-3) (affirmative).

325.          Not to love the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9).

326.          Not to give up hating the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9).

327.          Not to save the enticer from capital punishment, but to stand by at his execution (Deut. 13:9) (negative).

328.          A person whom he attempted to entice to idolatry shall not urge pleas for the acquittal of the enticer (Deut. 13:9).

329.          A person whom he attempted to entice shall not refrain from giving evidence of the enticer's guilt, if he has such evidence (Deut. 13:9) (negative).

330.          Not to swear by an idol to its worshipers, nor cause them to swear by it (Ex. 23:13).

331.          Not to turn one's attention to idolatry (Lev. 19:4).

332.          Not to adopt the institutions of idolaters nor their customs (Lev. 18:3; Lev. 20:23).

333.          Not to pass a child through the fire to Molech (Lev. 18:21) (negative).

334.          Not to suffer any one practicing witchcraft to live (Ex. 22:17) (negative).

335.          Not to practice onein (observing times or seasons as favourable or unfavourable, using astrology) (Lev. 19:26).

336.          Not to practice nachesh (doing things based on signs and portents; using charms and incantations) (Lev. 19:26).

337.          Not to consult ovoth (ghosts) (Lev. 19:31).

338.          Not to consult yid'onim (wizards) (Lev. 19:31).

339.          Not to practice kisuf (magic using herbs, stones and objects that people use) (Deut. 18:10).

340.          Not to practice kessem (a general term for magical practices) (Deut. 18:10).

341.          Not to practice the art of a chover chaver (casting spells over snakes and scorpions) (Deut. 18:11).

342.          Not to enquire of an ob (a ghost) (Deut. 18:11).

343.          Not to seek the maytim (dead) (Deut. 18:11).

344.          Not to enquire of a yid'oni (wizard) (Deut. 18:11).

345.          Not to remove the entire beard, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:27).

346.          Not to round the corners of the head, as the idolatrous priests do (Lev. 19:27).

347.          Not to cut oneself or make incisions in one's flesh in grief, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28; Deut. 14:1).

348.          Not to tattoo the body like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28).

349.          Not to make a bald spot for the dead (Deut. 14:1).

350.          Not to plant a tree for worship (Deut. 16:21) (negative).

351.          Not to set up a pillar (for worship) (Deut. 16:22).

352.          Not to show favour to idolaters (Deut. 7:2).

353.          Not to make a covenant with the seven (Canaanite, idolatrous) nations (Ex. 23:32; Deut. 7:2) (negative).

354.          Not to settle idolaters in our land (Ex. 23:33) (negative).

355.          To slay the inhabitants of a city that has become idolatrous and burn that city (Deut. 13:16-17) (affirmative).

356.          Not to rebuild a city that has been led astray to idolatry (Deut. 13:17) (negative).

357.          Not to make use of the property of city that has been so led astray (Deut. 13:18) (negative).

Agriculture and Animal Husbandry

358.          Not to cross-breed cattle of different species (Lev. 19:19).

359.          Not to sow different kinds of seed together in one field (Lev. 19:19).

360.          Not to eat the fruit of a tree for three years from the time it was planted (Lev. 19:23).

361.          That the fruit of fruit-bearing trees in the fourth year of their planting shall be sacred like the second tithe and eaten in Jerusalem (Lev. 19:24) (affirmative).

362.          Not to sow grain or herbs in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9) (negative).

363.          Not to eat the produce of diverse seeds sown in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9) (negative).

364.          Not to work with beasts of different species, yoked together (Deut. 22:10).


365.          That a man shall not wear women's clothing (Deut. 22:5).

366.          That a woman should not wear men's clothing (Deut. 22:5).

367.          Not to wear garments made of wool and linen mixed together (Deut. 22:11).

The Firstborn

368.          To redeem the firstborn human male (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20; Num. 18:15).

369.          To redeem the firstling of an ass (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20).

370.          To break the neck of the firstling of an ass if it is not redeemed (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20).

371.          Not to redeem the firstling of a clean beast (Num. 18:17).

Kohanim and Levites

372.          That the kohanim shall put on priestly vestments for the service (Ex. 28:2) (affirmative).

373.          Not to tear the High Kohein's robe (Ex. 28:32) (negative)

374.          That the kohein shall not enter the Sanctuary at all times (i.e., at times when he is not performing service) (Lev. 16:2) (negative).

375.          That the ordinary kohein shall not defile himself by contact with any dead, other than immediate relatives (Lev. 21:1-3) .

376.          That the kohanim defile themselves for their deceased relatives (by attending their burial), and mourn for them like other Israelites, who are commanded to mourn for their relatives (Lev. 21:3).

377.          That a kohein who had an immersion during the day (to cleanse him from his uncleanness) shall not serve in the Sanctuary until after sunset (Lev. 21:6) (negative).

378.          That a kohein shall not marry a divorced woman (Lev. 21:7) (CCN140).

379.          That a kohein shall not marry a harlot (Lev. 21:7).

380.          That a kohein shall not marry a profaned woman (Lev. 21:7).

381.          To show honour to a kohein, and to give him precedence in all things that are holy (Lev. 21:8).

382.          That a High Kohein shall not defile himself with any dead, even if they are relatives (Lev. 21:11) (negative).

383.          That a High Kohein shall not go (under the same roof) with a dead body (Lev. 21:11) It has been learnt by tradition that a kohein, who does so, violates the prohibition, "Neither shall he go in ", and also the prohibition "He shall not defile himself" (negative).

384.          That the High Kohein shall marry a virgin (Lev. 21:13) (affirmative).

385.          That the High Kohein shall not marry a widow (Lev. 21:14) (negative).

386.          That the High Kohein shall not cohabit with a widow, even without marriage, because he profanes her (Lev.21:15) (negative).

387.          That a person with a physical blemish shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Lev. 21:17) (negative).

388.          That a kohein with a temporary blemish shall not serve there (Lev. 21:21) (negative).

389.          That a person with a physical blemish shall not enter the Sanctuary further than the altar (Lev. 21:23) (negative).

390.          That a kohein who is unclean shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Lev. 22:2-3) (negative).

391.          To send the unclean out of the Camp of the Shechinah, that is, out of the Sanctuary (Num. 5:2) (affirmative).

392.          That a kohein who is unclean shall not enter the courtyard (Num. 5:2-3) This refers to the Camp of the Shechinah (negative).

393.          That the kohanim shall bless Israel (Num. 6:23) (CCA58).

394.          To set apart a portion of the dough for the kohein (Num. 15:20) (CCA57).

395.          That the Levites shall not occupy themselves with the service that belongs to the kohanim, nor the kohanim with that belonging to the Levites (Num. 18:3) (negative).

396.          That one not a descendant of Aaron in the male line shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Num. 18:4-7) (negative).

397.          That the Levite shall serve in the Sanctuary (Num. 18:23) (affirmative).

398.          To give the Levites cities to dwell in, these to serve also as cities of refuge (Num. 35:2) (affirmative).

399.          That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any portion of territory in the land (of Israel) (Deut. 18:1) (negative).

400.          That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any share of the spoil (at the conquest of the Promised Land) (Deut. 18:1) (negative).

401.          That the kohanim shall serve in the Sanctuary in divisions, but on festivals, they all serve together (Deut. 18:6-8).

T'rumah, Tithes and Taxes

402.          That an uncircumcised person shall not shall not eat of the t'rumah (heave offering), and the same applies to other holy things. This rule is inferred from the law of the Paschal offering, by similarity of phrase (Ex. 12:44-45 and Lev. 22:10) but it is not explicitly set forth in the Torah. Traditionally, it has been learnt that the rule that the uncircumcised must not eat holy things is an essential principle of the Torah and not an enactment of the Scribes (negative).

403.          Not to alter the order of separating the t'rumah and the tithes; the separation be in the order first-fruits at the beginning, then the t'rumah, then the first tithe, and last the second tithe (Ex. 22:28) (negative).

404.          To give half a shekel every year (to the Sanctuary for provision of the public sacrifices) (Ex. 30:13) (affirmative).

405.          That a kohein who is unclean shall not eat of the t'rumah (Lev. 22:3-4) (negative).

406.          That a person who is not a kohein or the wife or unmarried daughter of a kohein shall not eat of the t'rumah (Lev. 22:10) (negative).

407.          That a sojourner with a kohein or his hired servant shall not eat of the t'rumah (Lev. 22:10) (negative).

408.          Not to eat tevel (something from which the t'rumah and tithe have not yet been separated) (Lev. 22:15) (negative).

409.          To set apart the tithe of the produce (one tenth of the produce after taking out t'rumah) for the Levites (Lev.27:30; Num. 18:24) (affirmative).

410.          To tithe cattle (Lev. 27:32) (affirmative).

411.          Not to sell the tithe of the heard (Lev. 27:32-33) (negative).

412.          That the Levites shall set apart a tenth of the tithes, which they had received from the Israelites, and give it to the kohanim (called the t'rumah of the tithe) (Num. 18:26) (affirmative).

413.          Not to eat the second tithe of cereals outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (negative).

414.          Not to consume the second tithe of the vintage outside of Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (negative).

415.          Not to consume the second tithe of the oil outside of Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (negative).

416.          Not to forsake the Levites (Deut. 12:19); but their gifts (dues) should be given to them, so that they might rejoice therewith on each and every festival (negative).

417.          To set apart the second tithe in the first, second, fourth and fifth years of the sabbatical cycle to be eaten by its owner in Jerusalem (Deut. 14:22) (affirmative).

418.          To set apart the second tithe in the third and sixth year of the sabbatical cycle for the poor (Deut. 14:28-29) (affirmative), (today, it must be separated out but need not be given to the poor).

419.          To give the kohein the due portions of the carcass of cattle (Deut. 18:3).

420.          To give the first of the fleece to the kohein (Deut. 18:4).

421.          To set apart t'rumah g'dolah (the great heave-offering, that is, a small portion of the grain, wine and oil) for the kohein (Deut. 18:4) (affirmative).

422.          Not to expend the proceeds of the second tithe on anything but food and drink (Deut. 26:14) Anything outside of things necessary for sustenance comes within the class in the phrase "Given for the dead" (negative).

423.          Not to eat the Second Tithe, even in Jerusalem, in a state of uncleanness, until the tithe had been redeemed (Deut. 26:14) (negative).

424.          Not to eat the Second Tithe, when mourning (Deut. 26:14) (negative).

425.          To make the declaration, when bringing the second tithe to the Sanctuary (Deut. 26:13) (affirmative).

The Temple, the Sanctuary and Sacred Objects

426.          Not to build an altar of hewn stone (Ex. 20:22) (negative).

427.          Not to mount the altar by steps (Ex. 20:23) (negative).

428.          To build the Sanctuary (Ex. 25:8) (affirmative).

429.          Not to remove the staves from the Ark (Ex. 25:15) (negative).

430.          To set the showbread and the frankincense before the L-rd every Shabbat (Ex. 25:30) (affirmative).

431.          To kindle lights in the Sanctuary (Ex. 27:21) (affirmative).

432.          That the breastplate shall not be loosened from the ephod (Ex. 28:28) (negative).

433.          To offer up incense twice daily (Ex. 30:7) (affirmative).

434.          Not to offer strange incense nor any sacrifice upon the golden altar (Ex. 30:9) (negative).

435.          That the kohein shall wash his hands and feet at the time of service (Ex. 30:19) (affirmative).

436.          To prepare the oil of anointment and anoint high kohanim and kings with it (Ex. 30:31) (affirmative).

437.          Not to compound oil for lay use after the formula of the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32-33).

438.          Not to anoint a stranger with the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32) (negative).

439.          Not to compound anything after the formula of the incense (Ex. 30:37).

440.          That he who, in error, makes unlawful use of sacred things, shall make restitution of the value of his trespass and add a fifth (Lev. 5:16) (affirmative).

441.          To remove the ashes from the altar (Lev. 6:3) (affirmative).

442.          To keep fire always burning on the altar of the burnt-offering (Lev. 6:6) (affirmative).

443.          Not to extinguish the fire on the altar (Lev. 6:6) (negative).

444.          That a kohein shall not enter the Sanctuary with dishevelled hair (Lev. 10:6) (negative).

445.          That a kohein shall not enter the Sanctuary with torn garments (Lev. 10:6) (negative).

446.          That the kohein shall not leave the Courtyard of the Sanctuary, during service (Lev. 10:7).

447.          That an intoxicated person shall not enter the Sanctuary nor give decisions in matters of the Law (Lev.10:9-11) (negative).

448.          To revere the Sanctuary (Lev. 19:30) (today, this applies to synagogues).

449.          That when the Ark is carried, it should be carried on the shoulder (Num. 7:9) (affirmative).

450.          To observe the second Passover (Num. 9:11) (affirmative).

451.          To eat the flesh of the Paschal lamb on it, with unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Num. 9:11) (affirmative).

452.          Not to leave any flesh of the Paschal lamb brought on the second Passover until the morning (Num. 9:12) (negative).

453.          Not to break a bone of the Paschal lamb brought on the second Passover (Num. 9:12) (negative).

454.          To sound the trumpets at the offering of sacrifices and in times of trouble (Num. 10:9-10) (affirmative).

455.          To watch over the edifice continually (Num. 18:2) (affirmative).

456.          Not to allow the Sanctuary to remain unwatched (Num. 18:5) (negative).

457.          That an offering shall be brought by one who has in error committed a trespass against sacred things, or robbed, or lain carnally with a bond-maid betrothed to a man, or denied what was deposited with him and swore falsely to support his denial. This is called a guilt-offering for a known trespass (affirmative).

458.          Not to destroy anything of the Sanctuary, of synagogues, or of houses of study, nor erase the holy names (of Elohim); nor may sacred scriptures be destroyed (Deut. 12:2-4).

Sacrifices and Offerings

459.          To sanctify the firstling of clean cattle and offer it up (Ex. 13:2; Deut. 15:19) (at the present time, it is not offered up).

460.          To slay the Paschal lamb (Ex. 12:6) (affirmative).

461.          To eat the flesh of the Paschal sacrifice on the night of the fifteenth of Nissan (Ex. 12:8) (affirmative).

462.          Not to eat the flesh of the Paschal lamb raw or sodden (Ex. 12:9) (negative).

463.          Not to leave any portion of the flesh of the Paschal sacrifice until the morning unconsumed (Ex. 12:10) (negative).

464.          Not to give the flesh of the Paschal lamb to an Israelite who had become an apostate (Ex. 12:43) (negative).

465.          Not to give flesh of the Paschal lamb to a stranger who lives among you to eat (Ex. 12:45) (negative).

466.          Not to take any of the flesh of the Paschal lamb from the company's place of assembly (Ex. 12:46) (negative).

467.          Not to break a bone of the Paschal lamb (Ex. 12:46) (negative).

468.          That the uncircumcised shall not eat of the flesh of the Paschal lamb (Ex. 12:48) (negative).

469.          Not to slaughter the Paschal lamb while there is chametz in the home (Ex. 23:18; Ex. 24:25) (negative).

470.          Not to leave the part of the Paschal lamb that should be burnt on the altar until the morning, when it will no longer be fit to be burnt (Ex. 23:18; Ex. 24:25) (negative).

471.          Not to go up to the Sanctuary for the festival without bringing an offering (Ex. 23:15) (negative).

472.          To bring the first fruits to the Sanctuary (Ex. 23:19) (affirmative).

473.          That the flesh of a sin-offering and guilt-offering shall be eaten (Ex. 29:33).

474.          That one not of the seed of Aaron, shall not eat the flesh of the holy sacrifices (Ex. 29:33) (negative).

475.          To observe the procedure of the burnt-offering (Lev. 1:3) (affirmative).

476.          To observe the procedure of the meal-offering (Lev. 2:1) (affirmative).

477.          Not to offer up leaven or honey (Lev. 2:11) (negative).

478.          That every sacrifice be salted (Lev. 2:13) (affirmative).

479.          Not to offer up any offering unsalted (Lev. 2:13) (negative).

480.          That the Court of Judgment shall offer up a sacrifice if they have erred in a judicial pronouncement (Lev. 4:13) (affirmative).

481.          That an individual shall bring a sin-offering if he has sinned in error by committing a transgression, the conscious violation of which is punished with excision (Lev. 4:27-28) (affirmative).

482.          To offer a sacrifice of varying value in accordance with one's means (Lev. 5:7) (affirmative).

483.          Not to sever completely the head of a fowl brought as a sin-offering (Lev. 5:8) (negative).

484.          Not to put olive oil in a sin-offering made of flour (Lev. 5:11) (negative).

485.          Not to put frankincense on a sin-offering made of flour (Lev. 5:11) (negative).

486.          That an individual shall bring an offering if he is in doubt as to whether he has committed a sin for which one has to bring a sin-offering. This is called a guilt-offering for doubtful sins (Lev. 5:17-19) (affirmative).

487.          That the remainder of the meal offerings shall be eaten (Lev. 6:9) (affirmative).

488.          Not to allow the remainder of the meal offerings to become leavened (Lev. 6:10) (negative).

489.          That the High Kohein shall offer a meal offering daily (Lev. 6:13) (affirmative).

490.          Not to eat of the meal offering brought by the kohanim (Lev. 6:16) (negative).

491.          To observe the procedure of the sin-offering (Lev. 6:18) (affirmative).

492.          Not to eat of the flesh of sin offerings, the blood of which is brought within the Sanctuary and sprinkled towards the Veil (Lev. 6:23) (negative).

493.          To observe the procedure of the guilt-offering (Lev. 7:1) (affirmative).

494.          To observe the procedure of the peace-offering (Lev. 7:11) (affirmative).

495.          To burn meat of the holy sacrifice that has remained over (Lev. 7:17) (affirmative).

496.          Not to eat of sacrifices that are eaten beyond the appointed time for eating them (Lev. 7:18) The penalty is excision (negative).

497.          Not to eat of holy things that have become unclean (Lev. 7:19) (negative).

498.          To burn meat of the holy sacrifice that has become unclean (Lev. 7:19) (affirmative).

499.          That a person who is unclean shall not eat of things that are holy (Lev. 7:20) (negative).

500.          A kohein's daughter who profaned herself shall not eat of the holy things, neither of the heave offering nor of the breast, nor of the shoulder of peace offerings (Lev. 10:14, Lev. 22:12) (negative).

501.          That a woman after childbirth shall bring an offering when she is clean (Lev. 12:6) (affirmative).

502.          That the leper shall bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed (Lev. 14:10) (affirmative).

503.          That a man having an issue shall bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed of his issue (Lev. 15:13-15) (affirmative).

504.          That a woman having an issue shall bring a sacrifice after she is cleansed of her issue (Lev. 15:28-30) (affirmative).

505.          To observe, on Yom Kippur, the service appointed for that day, regarding the sacrifice, confessions, sending away of the scapegoat, etc. (Lev. 16:3-34) (affirmative).

506.          Not to slaughter beasts set apart for sacrifices outside (the Sanctuary) (Lev. 17:3-4) (negative).

507.          Not to eat flesh of a sacrifice that has been left over (beyond the time appointed for its consumption) (Lev.19:8) (negative).

508.          Not to sanctify blemished cattle for sacrifice on the altar (Lev. 22:20) This text prohibits such beasts being set apart for sacrifice on the altar (negative).

509.          That every animal offered up shall be without blemish (Lev. 22:21) (affirmative).

510.          Not to inflict a blemish on cattle set apart for sacrifice (Lev. 22:21) (negative).

511.          Not to slaughter blemished cattle as sacrifices (Lev. 22:22) (negative).

512.          Not to burn the limbs of blemished cattle upon the altar (Lev. 22:22) (negative).

513.          Not to sprinkle the blood of blemished cattle upon the altar (Lev. 22:24) (negative).

514.          Not to offer up a blemished beast that comes from non-Israelites (Lev. 22:25) (negative).

515.          That sacrifices of cattle can only take place when they are at least eight days old (Lev. 22:27) (affirmative).

516.          Not to leave any flesh of the thanksgiving offering until the morning (Lev. 22:30) (negative).

517.          To offer up the meal-offering of the Omer on the morrow after the first day of Passover, together with one lamb (Lev. 23:10) (affirmative).

518.          Not to eat bread made of new grain before the Omer of barley has been offered up on the second day of Passover (Lev. 23:14).

519.          Not to eat roasted grain of the new produce before that time (Lev. 23:14).

520.          Not to eat fresh ears of the new grain before that time (Lev. 23:14).

521.          To bring on Shavuot loaves of bread together with the sacrifices which are then offered up in connection with the loaves (Lev. 23:17-20) (affirmative).

522.          To offer up an additional sacrifice on Passover (Lev. 23:36) (affirmative).

523.          That one who vows to the L-rd the monetary value of a person shall pay the amount appointed in the Scriptural portion (Lev. 27:2-8) (affirmative).

524.          If a beast is exchanged for one that had been set apart as an offering, both become sacred (Lev. 27:10) (affirmative).

525.          Not to exchange a beast set aside for sacrifice (Lev. 27:10) (negative).

526.          That one who vows to the L-rd the monetary value of an unclean beast shall pay its value (Lev. 27:11-13) (affirmative).

527.          That one who vows the value of a his house shall pay according to the appraisal of the kohein (Lev.27:11-13) (affirmative).

528.          That one who sanctifies to the L-rd a portion of his field shall pay according to the estimation appointed in the Scriptural portion (Lev. 27:16-24) (affirmative).

529.          Not to transfer a beast set apart for sacrifice from one class of sacrifices to another (Lev. 27:26) (negative).

530.          To decide in regard to dedicated property as to which is sacred to the Lord and which belongs to the kohein (Lev. 27:28) (affirmative).

531.          Not to sell a field devoted to the Lord (Lev. 27:28) (negative).

532.          Not to redeem a field devoted to the Lord (Lev. 27:28) (negative).

533.          To make confession before the L-rd of any sin that one has committed, when bringing a sacrifice and at other times (Num. 5:6-7).

534.          Not to put olive oil in the meal-offering of a woman suspected of adultery (Num. 5:15) (negative).

535.          Not to put frankincense on it (Num. 5:15) (negative).

536.          To offer up the regular sacrifices daily (two lambs as burnt offerings) (Num. 28:3) (affirmative).

537.          To offer up an additional sacrifice every Shabbat (two lambs) (Num. 28:9) (affirmative).

538.          To offer up an additional sacrifice every New Moon (Num. 28:11) (affirmative).

539.          To bring an additional offering on Shavuot (Num. 28:26-27) (affirmative).

540.          To offer up an additional sacrifice on Rosh Hashanah (Num. 29:1-6) (affirmative).

541.          To offer up an additional sacrifice on Yom Kippur (Num. 29:7-8) (affirmative).

542.          To offer up an additional sacrifice on Sukkot (Num. 29:12-34) (affirmative).

543.          To offer up an additional offering on Shemini Atzeret, which is a festival by itself (Num. 29:35-38) (affirmative).

544.          To bring all offerings, whether obligatory or freewill, on the first festival after these were incurred (Deut.12:5-6) (affirmative).

545.          Not to offer up sacrifices outside (the Sanctuary) (Deut. 12:13) (negative).

546.          To offer all sacrifices in the Sanctuary (Deut. 12:14) (affirmative).

547.          To redeem cattle set apart for sacrifices that contracted disqualifying blemishes, after which they may be eaten by anyone. (Deut. 12:15) (affirmative).

548.          Not to eat of the unblemished firstling outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (negative).

549.          Not to eat the flesh of the burnt-offering (Deut. 12:17). This is a Prohibition applying to every trespasser, not to enjoy any of the holy things. If he does so, he commits a trespass (negative).

550.          That the kohanim shall not eat the flesh of the sin-offering or guilt-offering outside the Courtyard (of the Sanctuary) (Deut. 12:17) (negative).

551.          Not to eat of the flesh of the sacrifices that are holy in a minor degree, before the blood has been sprinkled (on the altar), (Deut. 12:17) (negative).

552.          That the kohein shall not eat the first-fruits before they are set down in the Courtyard (of the Sanctuary) (Deut.12:17) (negative).

553.          To take trouble to bring sacrifices to the Sanctuary from places outside the land of Israel (Deut. 12:26) (affirmative).

554.          Not to eat the flesh of beasts set apart as sacrifices, that have been rendered unfit to be offered up by deliberately inflicted blemish (Deut. 14:3) (negative).

555.          Not to do work with cattle set apart for sacrifice (Deut. 15:19) (negative).

556.          Not to shear beasts set apart for sacrifice (Deut. 15:19) (negative).

557.          Not to leave any portion of the festival offering brought on the fourteenth of Nissan unto the third day (Deut. 16:4) (negative).

558.          Not to offer up a beast that has a temporary blemish (Deut. 17:1) (negative).

559.          Not to bring sacrifices out of the hire of a harlot or price of a dog (apparently a euphemism for sodomy) (Deut. 23:19) (negative).

560.          To read the portion prescribed on bringing the first fruits (Deut. 26:5-10) (affirmative).

Ritual Purity and Impurity

561.          That eight species of creeping things defile by contact (Lev. 11:29-30) (affirmative).

562.          That foods become defiled by contact with unclean things (Lev. 11:34) (affirmative).

563.          That anyone who touches the carcass of a beast that died of itself shall be unclean (Lev. 11:39) (affirmative).

564.          That a lying-in woman is unclean like a menstruating woman (in terms of uncleanness) (Lev. 12:2-5) (affirmative).

565.          That a leper is unclean and defiles (Lev. 13:2-46) (affirmative).

566.          That the leper shall be universally recognized as such by the prescribed marks So too, all other unclean persons should declare themselves as such (Lev. 13:45) (affirmative).

567.          That a leprous garment is unclean and defiles (Lev. 13:47-49) (affirmative).

568.          That a leprous house defiles (Lev. 14:34-46) (affirmative).

569.          That a man, having a running issue, defiles (Lev. 15:1-15) (affirmative).

570.          That the seed of copulation defiles (Lev. 15:16) (affirmative).

571.          That purification from all kinds of defilement shall be effected by immersion in the waters of a mikvah (Lev. 15:16) (affirmative).

572.          That a menstruating woman is unclean and defiles others (Lev. 15:19-24) (affirmative).

573.          That a woman, having a running issue, defiles (Lev. 15:25-27) (affirmative).

574.          To carry out the ordinance of the Red Heifer so that its ashes will always be available (Num. 19:9) (affirmative).

575.          That a corpse defiles (Num. 19:11-16) (affirmative).

576.          That the waters of separation defile one who is clean, and cleanse the unclean from pollution by a dead body (Num. 19:19-22) (affirmative).

Lepers and Leprosy

577.          Not to drove off the hair of the scull (Lev. 13:33) (negative).

578.          That the procedure of cleansing leprosy, whether of a man or of a house, takes place with cedar-wood, hyssop, scarlet thread, two birds, and running water (Lev. 14:1-7) (affirmative).

579.          That the leper shall shave all his hair (Lev. 14:9) (affirmative).

580.          Not to pluck out the marks of leprosy (Deut. 24:8) (negative).

The King

581.          Not to curse a ruler, that is, the King or the head of the College in the land of Israel (Ex. 22:27) (negative).

582.          To appoint a king (Deut. 17:15) (affirmative).

583.          Not to appoint as ruler over Israel, one who comes from non-Israelites (Deut. 17:15) (negative).

584.          That the King shall not acquire an excessive number of horses (Deut. 17:16) (negative).

585.          That the King shall not take an excessive number of wives (Deut. 17:17) (negative).

586.          That he shall not accumulate an excessive quantity of gold and silver (Deut. 17:17) (negative).

587.          That the King shall write a scroll of the Torah for himself, in addition to the one that every person should write, so that he writes two scrolls (Deut. 17:18) (affirmative).


588.          That a Nazarite shall not drink wine, or anything mixed with wine which tastes like wine; and even if the wine or the mixture has turned sour, it is prohibited to him (Num. 6:3) (negative).

589.          That he shall not eat fresh grapes (Num. 6:3) (negative).

590.          That he shall not eat dried grapes (raisins) (Num. 6:3) (negative).

591.          That he shall not eat the kernels of the grapes (Num. 6:4) (negative).

592.          That he shall not eat of the skins of the grapes (Num. 6:4) (negative).

593.          That the Nazarite shall permit his hair to grow (Num. 6:5) (affirmative).

594.          That the Nazarite shall not cut his hair (Num. 6:5) (negative).

595.          That he shall not enter any covered structure where there is a dead body (Num. 6:6) (negative).

596.          That a Nazarite shall not defile himself for any dead person (by being in the presence of the corpse) (Num. 6:7) (negative).

597.          That the Nazarite shall shave his hair when he brings his offerings at the completion of the period of his Nazariteship, or within that period if he has become defiled (Num. 6:9) (affirmative).


598.          That those engaged in warfare shall not fear their enemies nor be panic-stricken by them during battle (Deut. 3:22, 7:21, 20:3) (negative).

599.          To anoint a special kohein (to speak to the soldiers) in a war (Deut. 20:2) (affirmative)

600.          In a permissive war (as distinguished from obligatory ones), to observe the procedure prescribed in the Torah (Deut. 20:10) (affirmative).

601.          Not to keep alive any individual of the seven Canaanite nations (Deut. 20:16) (negative).

602.          To exterminate the seven Canaanite nations from the land of Israel (Deut. 20:17) (affirmative).

603.          Not to destroy fruit trees (wantonly or in warfare) (Deut. 20:19-20).

604.          To deal with a beautiful woman taken captive in war in the manner prescribed in the Torah (Deut. 21:10-14) (affirmative).

605.          Not to sell a beautiful woman, (taken captive in war) (Deut. 21:14) (negative).

606.          Not to degrade a beautiful woman (taken captive in war) to the condition of a bondwoman (Deut. 21:14) (negative).

607.          Not to offer peace to the Ammonites and the Moabites before waging war on them, as should be done to other nations (Deut. 23:7) (negative).

608.          That anyone who is unclean shall not enter the Camp of the Levites (Deut. 23:11) (according to the Talmud, in the present day this means the Temple mount).

609.          To have a place outside the camp for sanitary purposes (Deut. 23:13) (affirmative).

610.          To keep that place sanitary (Deut. 23:14-15) (affirmative).

611.          Always to remember what Amalek did (Deut. 25:17).

612.          That the evil done to us by Amalek shall not be forgotten (Deut. 25:19).

613.          To destroy the seed of Amalek (Deut. 25:19).


Return to the “Mitzvot Study” or …


“And thou shalt love thy Elohim with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be upon thy heart; and thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.” Davarim - Deuteronomy 6:5-8. (JPS version of the Torah).


May the Shalom of Elohim, - blessed be His Sanctified Name, fill you with His Love, and also your family and your home!

HaShem-The Name


Is the word “Elohim” a name? No it is not, for it is both a word, and also an “Attribute” of who our beloved heavenly Father is! Also covered in this study is the four letter Sanctified *“Memorial Name -   (Y-H-V-H) the Tetragrammaton. Please, always use the blessed Name with holiness and when ever you even see the Name or hear it, please say; – Blessed Be His Sanctified His Sanctified Name!


Rabbi Reuven Ben-Avraham.








Email us





Go to our MAIN PAGE or go to our Main Index




Please Note: On many pages of this site, we will use the four letter “Memorial Name” of the Almighty in Ivrit - - Y-H-V-H, which we Jews usually pronounce as “HaShem” or “Adonai”. At all times treat the most blessed Name with sanctity and when we even see the Name, we should say “blessed be His Sanctified Name.”


Email us




Please DO NOT TURM THE ABOVE into a Link, Copy it and past it into the ‘to email address’.


Although I have been with Seanic.net, my hosting server for countless years recently they suddenly transferred my account

to another server owned by them without giving me any notification and only advised me after the event. Even though I have tried to update whatever they told me, but it proved to be useless, especially in my current health situation. Even my computer expert said their details simply made no sense and neither they nor another company I had sought out previously was unable. Thus sadly you will have to copy and paste the email address above into the address box on your email for it to reach me and it will. - - Toda Raba, Rabbi Reuven.


Copyright - 1989 - 2023 hebraicstudies - All rights reserved


Although the Rabbi does not believe in having to copyright any of the studies, but there have been occasions where parts

of the studies have been partially copied and quoted out of context under his name, and thus he has been misquoted by

those who have their own agenda and reasons for doing so. Thus, it is only for this reason these works

are covered under  copyright restrictions.